IELTS Practice Tests - Peter May includes four tests closely replicating the level, content, and presentation of the IELTS, featuring Academic Reading and. IELTS Practice Tests book. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Detailed exam factfile. Strategies with the correct procedure f. Peter May, “IELTS Practice Tests with Explanatory Key and 2 Audio CDs, , | pages, 2 Audio CD | PDF.
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PractlceTests Fourtestsfor the InternationolEnglish Language Teaching System PETER MAY OXTORD OXTORD PRESS U\I\'IR Author: Peter May. May Peter. IELTS practice tests with an understandable answer explanation. Файл формата pdf; размером 32,56 МБ. Добавлен пользователем Feruz. Page 1. Page 2. |ELTS. PRACTICE TESTS. • PETER MAY • with explanatory key. OXFORD. UNIVERSITY PRESS. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7.
Return to Book Page. Describe changesandtrendsusingappropriate language: The combination of pressure and cold, he explains, is what makes my skin perceive wetness. What is the writer'smain purpose? When the recordingends,stop writing and don't listenagainto any part of it.
Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other: Thanks for telling us about the problem.
Return to Book Page. Detailed exam factfile. Strategies with the correct procedure for all tasks. Improve your skills tasks to focus learners on the right approach. Detailed explanatory key with sample writing. Get A Copy. Paperback , 1 page. More Details Original Title. With Key. Other Editions 1. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Lists with This Book.
This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. Sort order. Dec 27, Sebah Al-Ali rated it it was amazing Shelves: I used a newer edition, but it's very useful to offer practice opportunities for those who are going to sit for the test.
I think the one I had had about 5 complete tests, general and academic. I was able to use them as practice tools every week for us to do in class and apply what we have learned.
View 1 comment. Neel Patel rated it it was amazing Sep 07, Adel Amidi rated it liked it Jan 25, Jul 06, Aisha Kadir added it. Meenakshi Madan rated it it was ok Feb 10, Jashan rated it it was amazing Apr 21, Eastofoz rated it it was amazing Mar 04, Dilyara rated it did not like it Mar 07, Vijayabhaskarareddy Vemireddy rated it really liked it May 23, Com rated it it was amazing Jan 18, Tiktak rated it it was amazing Jul 30, Shokhrukhmirzo rated it it was ok Mar 06, Mara Douna Edoc rated it it was amazing Jul 26, Navneet rated it really liked it Apr 25, Kuljot Singh rated it it was amazing Mar 23, Nyan Xtet rated it it was amazing Apr 11, Patel Bhavik rated it really liked it Jul 18, Rememberthat it is your abilityto communicateeffectivelythat is being assessed, not your generalknowledge.
Speakdirectlyto the Examiner,not to the cassetteplayer. The Examinercannottell you the resultof this or any other module: Practise for Part2 by speakingcontinuouslyfor minutes,timing yourself with a clockor watch.
In all partsof Speaking,you aretestedon the following: Fluencyand Coherence Organizeyour ideasand sentenceslogically, connectingthem with suitable linkingexpressions.
GrammaticalRangeand Accuracy- usea wide rangeof structures. Try to makeasfew errorsas possible, in particularavoidany that makeit difficultto understandyou. Listento the exampleto checkyourpredictions aboutthe speakers' Listenfor the wordsor numbersthat you need. Writewhat you hearor a good short alternative.
Writenumbersasfigures, not aswords,e. Afteryou listen,checkthat yourcompletednotes makesense. Checkyourspelling- you maylosemarksfor mistakes. Answerquestionsa-d' a b c d Who do you think will be speakingto whom? Wheredo you think the speakersare? Do you think their tone will be formalor conversational? What kind of informationwill you haveto write? Completethe notesbelow. L5 for 4 ffee: Decidewhatthe possible answershavein common, e. Listenfor the namesof all the placesyou aregiven and for prepositionsof place,e.
Questions lmproveyourskills: Whereis 8 in relationto the policestation? Whereisthe pharmacyin relationto 9?
Whatis behindthe pharmacy? Choose your answers from theboxbelow. Write the appropriatelettersA-E on the map. WoodsRoad F q. Lookat the table below. Rugbyand tennrsaregivenas examplesof sports. What answerswould you predictfor spaces12,14and 15 from the examples given? Writein youranswers as you listen,checking whetheryourguesses are confirmedor not. They may indicatewhat is in that part of the recording. Whileyou listen,select answersbasedon what you hear,not on your own knowledgeor opinions.
Don'tchoosean option just because you heara wordor phrasefrom it. Becarefulwith options that misinterpret whatthe recordingactuallysays, Don'tstoplisteningwhen you thinkyou'veheard the answer: Then choosefrom the rest.
Lookat Questions What is the stemof eachone? Whatdo you think will be discussedin relationto each? B individual members. C the city council. B district. C friends. Thismaygiveyou cluesto the type of answers needed. Whichkindsof words,therefore, can you leaveout of youranswers? F Checkyouranswers on page39 beforeyou continue. Afteryou havelistened, checkthat the completed flow chart reflectsthe overallsenseofthe recording. Think abouthkely22 of lecture. Beforeyou listen, underlinethe keywords in eachquestion.
Questions lmproveyour skills: Checkyouranswers for correctgrammar, spelling and numberof words. Checkyouranswers on page39 beforeyoucontinue. Question30 lmprove your skills: How do they differ? As the recordingis played, l o o k a t t he diagr am sa n d listen for key words from the instructions. Also listenout for words used to describefeaturesof the d i a g ram s. Lookat the contextof eachquestion, thinking aboutthe type of you may need expression to use,e. Asyou listen,don'tget stuckon anydifficult questions: Whenthe recordinghas ended,checkthe summarymakessense overallandthat your answers fit both logically and grammatically.
Also checkyou havespelt wordscorrectlyand writtenanynumbers clearly. Questions Answer thesequestions aboutthesummary textbefore a b c d In which countryis CooberPedy? What is its main industry? Whendid the boom happen? Wheredo somepeoplelive? Whatelseis there? Whattypeofwordisprobably needed foreachof ? Choose fromthese thereare two you don't need to use: Opals were first found in the areain In the late s,new opal fieldsand massimmigration from 34 forced about 35 createda boom, despitethe extreme climate which of the population to live underground, where they built hotels, churches,and the world's only underground 36 16 lIN-TSPracticeTests Strategies: Sometimes, a particular optionmaynot be neededat all.
Foreachlist,identify the keywordsandtry to think of synonymsfor them' Listenfor the keywordsin the questionsand for expressions with similar meaningsto thosein the options. Writeonly the lettersas youranswers.
Questions lmprove your skills: Thekey word in option A is in. What are the key words in B and C? What are the locations of the following places? Findthe keysentence in eachparagraph, e. Studythe examplesand crossthem off the list of lmproveyour skills: Studythe exampleanswersgiven below. Whyis iv the correctheading for paragraphA?
Why is ii the correctheadingfor paragraphF? ReadingPassaget hassevenparagraphsA-G. Choosethe correctheadingfor paragraphsB-E and G from the list of headings below. Write the correctnumber i-x in boxesl-5 on your answersheet. Match the main idea of each paragraphwith a headjng. Lightly crossout headingsas y o u c h o o s e t hem. List of Headings i The problem of dealing with emergenciesin space ii How spacebiomedicine can help patients on Earth iii Why accidentsare so common in outer space When you finish,check t hat no r em ain i n g headingsfit anywhere.
C B This involvementof NASA and the ESA reflectsgrowingconcernthat the feasibility of travelto other planets,and beyond,is no longer limited by engineeringconstraints but by what the humanbody can actually withstand.
The discoveryof ice on Mars,for instance, meansthat there is now no necessityto designand developa spacecraft largeand powerfulenoughto transport the vast amountsof water neededto sustain the crew throughoutjourneysthat maylast manyyears.
Withoutthe necessary protectionand medicaltreatment,however, their bodieswould be devastatedby the unremittingly hostileenvironmentof space. The most obviousphysicalchanges undergoneby peoplein zero gravityare essentially harmless; in somecasesthey are evenamusing. The blood and other fluids are no longerdraggeddown towards the feet by the gravity of Earth,so they accumulate higherup in the body,creating what is sometimescalled'fat face',together with the contrasting'chicken legs'syndrome asthe lower limbsbecomethinner.
Test 1 19 D Muchmore seriousare the unseen I consequences after monthsor y""rs in no space. With gravity,there is lessneedfor a sturdy skeletonto supportthe body,with the resultthat the bonesweaken,releasing extra calciuminto the bloodstream.
This calciumcanoverloadthe kidneys,leading ultimatelyto renalfailure. Musclestoo lose strengththrough lack of use. Theheart the power to pump becomessmaller,losing oxygenatedblood to all parts of the body, while the lungslosethe capacityto breathe fully. Thedigestivesystembecomesless efficient,a weakenedimmunesystemis increasingly unableto preventdiseasesand the highlevelsof solarand cosmicradiation can causevariousforms of cancer.
For instance,the very difficultyof treatingastronautsin spacehasled to rapid progressin the fieldof telemedicine, which in turn hasbroughtabout developments that enablesurgeonsto communicatewith parts of the world.
E To makemattersworse,a wide rangeof medicaldifficulties canarisein the caseof an accidentor seriousillnesswhen the patientis millionsof kilometresfrom Earth. There is simplynot enoughroom available insidea spacevehicleto includeall the there is still one major equipmentfrom a hospital'scasualtyunit, G Nevertheless, obstacleto carryingout studiesinto the someof whichwould not work properlyin spaceanyway.
Evenbasicthingssuchas a effectsof spacetravel: Tosimulate ineffectiveif sufficientweight cannot be conditionsin zero gravity,onetried and applied. The only solutionseemsto be to tested method is to work under water,but centresare also the spacebiomedicine createextremelysmallmedicaltools and 'smart' devicesthat can,for example, lookingat other ideas.
Inone experiment, researchersstudythe weakeningof bones diagnose andtreat internalinjuriesusing ultrasound. The cost of designing and that resultsfrom prolongedinactivity.
This producingthis kind of equipmentis bound would involvevolunteersstayingin bed for three months,but the centreconcernedis to be,well,astronomical. Allin the nameof people of moneyto helpa handfulof science, of course. Foreachquestion, highlightthe keywords. Go backto the partof the text whereyou remember thispoint being mentioned.
Readthroughthat partfor the keywords,or words with similarmeaning,and highfightthem. Readthe questionagain and decideon your answer, takingcarewith your grammarand spelling.
Theviewsexpressed will probablybe the writer's, unlessthereis ,"pora"j'o, directspeechquoting somebodyelse. Lookfor expressions with similarmeanings to words in the statement- Questions 6 and 7 lmprove your skills: Wheredo you rememberit first being mentionedin the text?
Whichword in the sameparagraphhasa similarmeaning? What doesthis word tell you about the answer? Who saysthis? Rememberthat these expressions may not be the samepart of speechasthosein the statement. How doesthe writer respondto this? Checkyour answerson page40 beforeyou continue. Decidewhetherthe writer agreeswith the statement or not.
Do thefollowing statementsagreewith the writer's viewsin ReadingPassage 1? Thisshows you how the information is organized in the text. Decidewhatthe missing informationhasin common,e. Theanswersmayor may not be closetogetherin the text. Foreach question,scanthe text to find it andfill in the space withoutgoingoverthe word limit. What kind of informationdo you haveto find? What kind of word is used? How shouldthe answerbe expressed? In what way are passage',with thosefor short-answer they different?
Telemedicine treating astronauts And couldit happenagain? By Douglas Mclnnis Cannes. St Tropez. And much of the enchantmentcomesfrom the deep bluewaterthat lapstheir shores. But what if somebodypulled the plug? Supposethe MediterraneanSeawereto vanisluleavingbehind an expanseof saltdesertthe sizeof India. Hard to. It happened. River erosionof bedrockcannotoccurbelowsealevel,yet somehow the River Rhonein the Southof Francehad managedto createa channelmetresdeepin the seafloor,while the Nile had cut nearly metresinto the rock off the North African coast.
Therewas more: Furtherevidencecameto light in ,whenan intemationalteamchuggedacrossthe Mediterranean in a drilling ship to studythesea floor nearthe Spanishislandof Majorca. Strange things startedtuming up in coresamples: Theplantshad grownin sunlight.
Also discovered insidetherockv7s1g fossilized shallow-watershellfish,togetherwith saltandsilt: Couldthe seafloor once havebeenneara shoreline? Thatquestionled Ryanandhis fellow team leader,KennethHsii, to piecetogethera staggering chainof events. About 5. As the opening becameboth narrowerand shallowel,the deep outwardflow from seato oceanwasprogressively cut off,leavingonly the shallowinward flow of oceanwater into the Mediterranean.
As this water evaporated, the seabecamemoresalineand creaturesthat couldnt handlethe rising salt content perished. Meanwhile,theevaporated waterwasfalling backto Earthasrain. Whenthefreshwaterreached the oceans, it madethemlesssaline.
With lesssaltin it to act asan antifreeze,partsof the oceanthat would not normallyfreezebeganto turn to ice. Youdrive yourselfinto an iceage. Oceanwatercut a tiny channelto the Mediterranean. As the gapenlarged, thewaterflowedfasterand faster,until the torrent rippedthroughthe emergingStraitsof Gibraltarat morethanknots. It had lastedroughly, years. Subsequent drilling expeditionshaveaddeda few wrinklesto Ryanand Hsii's scenario. For example,researchers havefound saltdepositsmore than trarokilometresthick - sothick, somebelieve, that the Mediterranean musthavedried up and refilledmanytimes.
But thosearejust geological details. For touriststhe crucialquestionis, couldit happenagain? ShouldMalagastartstockpiling dynamite? Not yet,saysRyan. If continentaldrift does resealtheMediterranean, it won't be for several million years. It's not somethingour specieshasto worry about. Writeyour Answersin boxeson your answersheet. Lookfor the part of the text that the summary paraphrases and readit again' The sdiscoveryof ts Subsequent examinationof the Rocksamplesfrom Test1 25 Strategies: Decidewhateachstem expresses, e.
Makea noteof endings that logicallycannotfit Completeeachof thefollowing statementswith the bestendingfrom the box below. Highlight the keywordsin Write the appropriatelettersA-G in boxes on your answersheet. Remember that the stems butnot the endings ZO The extra ice did not absorbthe heat from the sun, so Zl The speedof the water from the Atlantic increasedas Then A Africa and Europe crashedinto eachother.
C the seawas cut off from the ocean. Whenyou matchan ending,checkthe whole D all the fish and plant life in the Mediterranean died. G all the ice on earth melted. Findthe relevantpartof the text,highlightit anrt readit againcarefury. Hereare somecommon types of wrong answer: Choosethe appropriate lettersA, B, C or D and write them in boxes on your answersheet.
A Movement of the continents suddenly closedthe Straits of Gibraltar. B The water level of the Atlantic Oceangradually fell. D Water stopped flowing from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic.
A The water becametoo salty. B There was such a lot of bacteria in the water. C The rivers did not provide salt water. D The seabecamea desert. B the beginning and the end of an ice age. C the formation of waterfalls elsewherein the world. D a lack of salt in the oceansthat continues to this day. B the Mediterranean was never cut off from the Atlantic.
C it may havebeen cut offmore than once. D it might once have been a freshwaterlake. B humans will have the technology to prevent it drying up again. C the Mediterranean is certain to dry up again one day. D humans will never seetheJvlediterraneandry up. Test'l 27 ReadingPassage 3: Youshouldspendabout20 minuteson Questions, which are basedon ReadingPassage 3. Wolf and earlyhuman fossilshavebeen found closetogetherfrom as far back as,yearsago,but dog and human fossilsdateback only about 14, years,all of which puts wolves andlor dogs in the companyof man or his progenitorsbefore the developmentof farming and permanent human settlements,at a time when both speciessurvivedon what they could scratch out huntingor scavenging.
Dogs; ffi 9mveffiffffitrF C Why would thesecompetitorscooperate? The answerprobablylies in the similar social structure and sizeof wolf packsand early human clans,the compatibilityof their hunting objectivesand range,and the willingnessof humansto acceptinto campthe most suppliantwolves,the young or less threateningones.
Geneticstudiesshow that dogs evolvedfrom wolvesand remain assimilar to the creatures from which they cameashumans with different physicalcharacteristicsare to each other, which is to saynot much different at all. D Certain wolvesor protodogsmay haveworked their way closeto the fire ring after smelling somethinggood to eat,then into early human gatheringsby proving helpful or unthreatening. As wandering packsof twentyfive or thirty wolvesand clansof likenumberednomadichumansroamedthe landscapein tandem,hunting big game,the animalshung around campsitesscavenging leftovers,and the humans might haveusedthe wolves'superiorscentingability and speedto locateand track prospectivekills.
At night, wolveswith their keen sensescould warn humansof dangerapproaching. E Times might not havebeen ashard back then asis commonlythought. In many instances food would havebeenplentiful, predatorsfew, and the boundariesbetweenhumansand wildlife porous.
Through thoseporesslipped Wolf-like speciesgo back one to two million smalleror lessthreateningwolves,which from years,saysWayne,whosegeneticwork suggests living in packswhere alpha bossesreigned dogsof somesort beganbreakingawayabout would know the tricks of subservienceand Puppiesin particular would be hard to resist,asthey are today.
Thus was a union born and a processof domesticationbegun. F Over the millennia, admissionof certain wolvesand protodogsinto human campsand exclusionof larger,more threateningonesled to the developmentof people-friendlybreeds distinguishablefrom wolvesby size,shape, coat, earsand markings. Dogs were generally smallerthan wolves. They would assistin the hunt, cleanup camp by eating garbage, warn of danger,keep humans warm, and serve as food. Native Americansamong others ate puppies,and in somesocietiesit remains acceptedpractice.
G By the fourth millennium BC Egyptian rock and pottery drawingsshow dogsbeing put to work by men. Then, asnow; the relationship was not without drawbacks.
Feraldogsroamed city streets,stealingfood from people returning from market. Despitetheir penchantfor misbehaviour,and sometimesbecauseof it, dogskeep turning up at all the important junctures in human history. H In ancient Greece, yearsbefore Christ, Aristotle describedthree types of domesticated dogs,including speedyLaconiansusedby the rich to chaseand kill rabbits and deer.
Three hundred yearslater, Roman warriors trained large dogsfor battle. The brutes could knock an armed man from his horse and dismember him. In seventeenth-centuryEngland,dogs still worked, pulling carts,sleds,and ploughs, herding livestock,or working as turn-spits, powering wheelsthat turned beef and venison over open fires.
But working dogswere not much loved and were usually hangedor drownedwhen they got old. King IamesI was said to love his dogs more than his subjects. CharlesII was famous for playing with his dog at Council table,and his brother Jameshad dogs at seain when his ship was caught in a storm. As sailors drowned, he allegedlycried out,'Savethe dogs and Colonel Churchill! Dog showssproutedin the midswhen unnecessarydogsbeganvastly to outnumber working ones,asthey do to this day.
Unless, that is, you count companionshipas a job. Studythe questions and underlinethe keywords. Remember that the questions arenot in the sameorderasthe informationin the text. Decidein whichpartof the text you arelikelyto find eachanswer, writing you cando in anyanswers fromyourfirstreading. Questions lmprove your tkills: On what principleis it organized? F Checkyour answerson page40 beforeyou continue. ReadingPassage 3 has ten paragraphslabelledA-J. Write the correctlettersA-I in boxes on your answersheet.
Decidein whichpartof 2 In whichhalfwillyotlprobably findstatements A-H? Foreach,finda secondreference to confirmyouranswer. Lookfor a paraphrase of youranswers on page40 beforeyoucontinue. Lightlycrossoff the list anystatements whichare contradictedby the text.
Fillin the answers on your answersheetin anyorder. A In a typical camp there were many more wolves than humans. B Neither the wolves nor the humans lived in one place for long. C Somewolves learned to obey human leaders. D Humans chosethe most dangerouswolves to help them hunt. E There was very little for early humans to eat. F Wolves got food from early humans. G Wolves started living with humans when agriculture began.
H Strategies: Foreachone,highlight the keywords. Studythe optionlist,e. For of nationalities eachohe,scanthe passage for it and highlightthat partof the text.
Foreachof A-F,ask yourselfsimplequestions, e. Look out for wordssimilarto the keywordsin the question. Remember that someof A-F maybe usedmore thanonceor not at all.
Early humans especiallyliked very young wolves. Whichnationalityis mentioned Whichis not mentioned? From the information in the text, indicate who useddogsin the ways listed below Questions Write the correctletters A-F in boxes on your answersheet. NB Youmay useany letter more than once. To the information must summarize,you selectthemain features from what is shown. Readanyheadings, key for the data and sources what it to understand relatesto.
Readlabelscarefully, payingspecialattention to horizontal andvertical axes,columnand row headings. Thedatamayshow differences or changes overtime,betweenplaces, or betweengroupsof people. Tryto identify significantcontrasts, similarities, or trends. The writing testconsistsof two tasks. Youshould attempt both tasks. Writing ThskI lmproveyour skills: Whichgroupsof peopleare being compared?
What do the numberson the verticalaxisshow? Whenwasthe trend most or leastnoticeable? Youshouldspendabout 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below showsfour countries of residenceof overseasstudents in Australia. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comltarisons where relevant.
Write at least words. Statethe topicandoverallcontentof the graph. Describeand whererelevantcomparethe mainfeaturesof the data. Avoidrepetition and do not try to givereasons. Describe changesandtrendsusingappropriate language: Useapproximatephrasessuchas roughly,over,a littlemorethan,justunder. Concludeby outliningthe overalltrends.
Write these numbersusing approximatephrases: Describethe changesbetweenand forthe countriesshown. Tcst1 33 Writing Thsk2 Youshould spendabout 40 minutes on this task. Write about thefollowing topic. Air traffic is increasingly leading to more noise, pollution and airport construction. One reason for this is the growth in low-cost passengerflights, often to holiday destinations.
Some people say that governments should try to reduce air traffic by taxing it more heavily. Do you agree or disagree? Give reasonsfor your answerand include any relevantexatnplesfrom your own knowledgeand experience. You will be askedto giveyouropinionaboutthe topicandthe issues that arepresented. Readthe statementin bold italicscarefullyto identifythe generaltopic. Decidewhichpartsof the statementarefact and whichareopinion.
Readthe questionscarefullyand decideyourviewson the opinionexpressed. Howdo youknow? Decideyour opinionon eachissueandthinkof at leastone argumentto supportit. Toillustrate each argumentthinkof an perhapsfrom example, personalexperience' lmprove your skills: Foreachone answeryesor no and choosea supportingargumentfrom the list.
Thenadd an additionalargument. Part1 questions lmprove your skills: Note Studythe questionsbelow,includingthe headings,e.
Whereyou down somelikelyquestionsundereachof theseheadings: Listenfor keywords,e. Thispart lastsbetvveen four andfive minutes. Remember thatoneaim of Part1 is to help you relaxby lettingyou talk abouta familiartopic: What is your full name?
What do peopleusuallycall you? Where areYou from? What you do in your spare time. Travelling and transport. Studythe topicand decidewho or whatyou aregoingto talkabout. Makebriefnotesfor each keyword suchas yvho, what,when,howor why, but don't try to write a speech. Beforeyou begin speaking, crossout anythingirrelevant. Crossthem out and say what is wrong with each.
Beforeyou talk, you will haveone minute to think about what you are going to say. Youwill begiven paper and a pencil to make notesif you wish. Here is the topic: Describesomeoneyou know,or somebodyfamous,who hasachieved greatsuccess. Follow-up questions: Has this person had to make sacrificesin order to achievesuccess? Test1 37 Part 3 Strategies: Part3 questions lmprove yout skills: Expecta linkbetweenthe topicsof Part2 and Part3.
Notedown at leastfive pointsyou could mentionin answerto question2. Listenfor the keywordsin questions. Thinkaboutwhat the examinerwantsyou to do in responseto each question,e. This discussion four andfive minutes. Personalsuccess 1 How doespresent-daysocietymeasurethe successof an individual? Don'texpectthe examiner Winning and losing to askyou about somethingelseif you 4 which is more important in sport: Developthe discussionby 6 Why are some countries more successfrrlthan others in eventssuch as the addingmorepointslinked Olympics?
The competitive society 38 7 How do competitive relationshipsbetweenpeople differ from cooperative relationships? Thinking of synonyms page17 1 B: The 2j a result research canhelpresolve that spacebiomedical 22 a result problemson Earth.
Thereareno reportingverbs,quotesor to what otherssay. Thewriterdoesnot saywho agrees considerations haveledsometo exactly: Didthe Greeks usedogs?
Predictinganswers page25 or nounphrase a 15 noun pluralor uncountable preposition 16 17 nounor nounphrase 40 PracticeTesis IELTS Writing Speaking Predicting questions page36 Understanding a graph page32 a Whereoverseas studentsin Australiacomefrom.
How did you first meet them? Do you havea bestfriend? Whendo b Students from fourcountries: Do you find it easyto Malaysia, Hong Kong,Singapore. The verticalaxis makenew friends? What arethe advantages of showsstudentsnumbers. Why do friendssometimesfall c Thetime scaleoverwhich comparisons can be out? Whichbook haveyou enjoyedmost? Whereand when do haverisensharply. The numbersfrom Indonesia you usuallyreadbooks?
What makesa good havegrown fastesqthosefrom Malaysiaslowest. Whichauthorsare popularin your e Thereis a dip in the mid s. Will peoplecontinueto readbooksin the future? Putting statistics into words page33 1 a ninety-eightper cent,twenty-twoand a half c Whatareyour favouriteclothes? Do you prefer anyparticular colour s? Whatis currently per cent fashionablein your country? How havefashions b one sixth,one in six,one out of six;fourchangedin the last5 years? Whatdo you think fifths,four in five,four out of five;one will be fashionable in the next5 years?
Wheredo twentieth,one in twenty,one out of twenty. Writethem out in words. You couldwrite them out too, 2 StudyquestionsO. Whatkind of figureis neededfor each? Circle the correct lettersA-D. Listenfor thesenumbers. Takecarewith numbers whicharesimilarbut A first don't relateto the B second question. Forcluesto total numbers, listenfor expressions likeplus,too, as wellas,another,a third one,etc. C 8 third What is the temperature of the hot water? A 55" B 60" c How big is the garden?
A 20m' B 90m'z C m'z 10 What sizeis the television? What must you do when you join the LanguageCentre? Which TWO should you tell the librarian?
A whether you have studied the languagepreviously B why you want to study this language C how many hours per week you must study it D which text books you will use E which other languagesyou havelearned Questions Circle TWO lettersA-E.
Thinkaboutwordsthat oftengo with the kindof wordyou need. Forexample, if you you decidethe answeris a time of day, might first hearaf,beforeor after. Thinkof - or find in the notes- a word likelyto go with each,e. Look at the table. Decidefrom which angle yo u a re look ingat t he diagram,e.
Describethe diagramto yourself,identifyingall the parts. Th i n kabout how t he speakerwill describeit and what phrasesyou might hear. Whatvocabularydo you know for what you can see? What other wordsor phrasesdo you think you will hear? In what orderdo you think you will hearthe information? Label the zip. The Separating Zip Fastener Listenout for prompts th a t tell y ou t he descriptionis about to start,e.
Decidewhat it is testing, e.
What is the lecturer trying to do? Th i n ka bout how t he l a n g uageand t one m i g h t differ for each option. When you listen,reject o p ti o n st hat m is int erp re t what the speakermeans, relateto only part of the content,or overstateit.
Question40 lmprove your skills: What is its focus? Whatlanguagefeaturesand speaker's tone would you expectfor each? B outline the developmentof the zip fastener. C advertisea particular kind of zip fastener. D warn of the dangersof zip fasteners. Scratching the surface They are insidious skin parasites, infesting the occupants of factories and offices.
They cause itching,prickling and crawling sensationsin the skin that are almost untreatable. Thesecreatures may only exist in the mind, but their effects are real and infectious. The classiccase occurred in a US laboratory in After new equipment was installed, workers started to suffer from itching and sensations of insects crawling over them.
Com plain ts mu l ti p l i e d a n d th e p robl em, attributed to 'cable mites', started to spread to relatives of the victims. A concerted effort was made to exterminate the mites using everything from DDT and mothballs to insecticide and rat poison. Nothing worked. Thorough examination by scientific investigatorscould not locate any pests, or even signs of actual parasite attacks. However, they did find small particles of rockwool insulation in the air, which could cause skin irritation. A cleaningprogramme was introduced 50 i[.
The cable mite infestation disappeared. Another s case occurred in a textile factory, where workers complained of being bitten by insects brought into the factory in imported cloth. Dermatitis swept through the workforce, but it followed a curious pattern. Instead of affecting people in one particular part of the factory,the bugs seemed to be transmitted through employees' social groups. No parasites could be found.
A third infestation spread through office staff going through dusty records that had lain untouched for decades. Theyattributed their skin problems to 'paper mites', but the cause was traced to irritation from paper splinters. These are all casesof illusionsof parasitosis, w here somethi ng i n the envi ronment is misinterpreted as an insect or other pest. Everyone has heard of delirium tremens, when alcoholicsor amphetamineusers experiencethe feeling of insects crawling over their skin, but other factors can cause the same illusion.
Static electricity, dust, fibres, and chemical solvents can all give rise to imaginary insects. The interesting thing is that they spread. The infectious nature of this illusion seems to be a type of reflex contagion. Yawn, and others start yawning. Start scratching,and colleagueswill scratch,too.
He suggeststhat this rype of group behaviour may have had a role to play in human evolution. In our distant past, one individual scratching would have alerted others that there were biting insects or parasites present. This would prime them to scratch itches of their own. Anyone who has been bitten several times by mosquitoes before they realized it will recognize the evolutionary value of this kind of advance warning.
The outbreak of mass scratching may also promote mutual grooming, which is important in the necessary bonding of primate SrouPS. The problem comes when the reflex contagion is not related to a real threat. Insteadof peopleor places, thereis a listof statements: Questions symptoms to gain atcention, or because it gets them a break from unappealingwork.
The lab workers were scanners, who spent the day laboriously examining the results of bubblechamber tests; textile workers and clerical staff poring over records would also have found what they had to do quite tedious.
Add the factor that skin conditions are notoriously susceptible to psychologicalinfluence,and it is easy to see how a group dynamic can keep the illusory parasites going. Treatment of the condition is difficult, since few will accept that their misreading of the symptoms is the result of what psychologistscall a hysterical condition.
In the past, the combination of removal of irritants and expert reassurance was enough. However, these days, there is a mistrust of conventional medicine and easieraccessto suppoft groups. Sufferers can reinforce each other's illusions over the Internet, swappingtales of elusive mites that baffle science.
This could give rise to an epidemic of mystery parasites, spreading from mind to mind like a kind of super virus. Only an awareness of the power of the illusion can stoP it. You can stop scratching now Which paragraphmentionsall three? Classifystatements accordingto whetherthey apply to A the laboratory B the factory C the office I Workers who met each other socially sufferedfrom the condition. Test2 51 Questions Strategies: Lookat how the flow arrows chartis organized: Findthe partofthe text that relatesto the chart.
Lookfor the samenumber of pointsand identifythe between relationship them,e. Iinkingwords like Firstlyand Nexf indicate a sequence. What happensnext? What is the immediateconsequence a b c d What arethe two immediateresultsof this?
What can be the immediateeffect of group scratching? What can this in turn leadto? What kind of informationis neededfor 6?
Completethe notesbelowwith words takenfrom ReadingPassage1. TRUE if the statementis true accordingto thepassage FALSE if the statementis false accordingto thepassage D o n 't choos e' t r ue' or 'false'just becauseyou believeit to be true.
Look at the titles and decidewhich is closestto your own words. Question14 lmprove your skills: From the list belowchoosethe most suitablealternativetitle for ReadingPassage Write the appropriateletterA-E in box 14 on your answersheet.
Substitutesectionfor paragraph. Don'tchooseheadings that matchonlyone paragraph in a section, or morethanone section. Questions yourskills: Choosethe most suitableheadingfor eachsectionII-VI from the list below.
Write the appropriateletters a-j in boxes on your answersheet. List of headings a The lift in use The first and secondlifts b c d e f g h i j Restoring the lift The newcanal Mechanical problems Why the lift was needed The supports of the secondlift A new framework and machinery How the original Iift worked A completely new lift ,.. There was just and Belgium. Primitive railways were laid to move metres wide. At rest, one tank was level with cargoes, cranes were built, and steam engines the canal and the other level with the river were later installed to power lifting.
Completed in , water while the tanks were moving.
A graceful in appearance,simple in use, and hydraulic pump driven by steam supplied the irr: Investigationsshowedthat the canal water used as the hydraulic liquid was contaminatedby chemicalsand was corrosive,thereforecausingthe damage. It was immediately changedto distilled water from the steamenginepowering the hydraulic pump. Corrosion was dramatically reducedbut the damagehad been done. In addition, the boiler for the steam engine neededrenewing, so in the Tiustees ordered the construction of a new lift, to a but it was functional and it worked.
Sadly,trade on inland waterwaysin Britain declineddramatically in the s,and goods traffic via the lift effectively ended in the s. The sincreasein pleasureboating briefly prolonged its activelife, but in the 'Cathedralof the Canals'wasfinally closed. The new lift was built over the top of the Victorian structure, utilizing the Victorian Somewanted it 'conservedas found', but that would entail replacingmuch of the front and rear columns.
The main structure existing structure,virtually creating a replica lift. The steelof the structure had bepn. Each of the boat-carrying tanks was now suspendedon wire ropes which ran from the tank to the top of the lift, around pulleys, and down to cast-iron weights at the side of the structure. Thesewere equal to the weight of the water-filled tank.
Turning the pulleys one way or the other movedthe ropes,so that one tank was raised or loweredindependentlyof the other tank. Becausethe tanks were counterbalancedby the weights,only a small electricalmotor was required to turn the pulleys and so move the tanks up or down.
Unlike the Victorian lift it was not the least bit elegant, lE[fSPractlceTests chemicalindustries and would need replacing if it were to support the overheadmachinery and tonnecounterweights. In addition, safety considerationswould require the installation of a back-up braking system.
It was decided,therefore,to revert to the hydraulically-operatedsystem,using the original cast-iron structure. Although the counterweightshad to be removed,the framework and pulleys would be retained as a static monument. It was a huge and expensiveproject, and not without difficulties. Eventually,in , the Anderton Boat Lift was officially reopened.
Boat owners and visitors alike can once again ride 'the world's first boat lift'. Decidewhichpartof the text describes it. Pencilin you can anyanswers guessalready. Matchthe informationin the diagramto whatthe text says.
To understand how the partsrelateto eachothet lookfor links of purpose,e. Whenyou havewrittenin youranswers, go through the text againto check that everythingmatches the completedlabels. Whywasa small amount of water. What was the resultof this?
What was the purposeof this? Givetwo examples. Askand answera question abouteach. Completethe diagram below.
Write your answersin boxes on your answersheet. In yourmind,tryto turn the notesor sentences into questions andthen answerthem. Thisshould giveyou the missing words.