The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolour of India saffron, white and India .. "IS 1 (): Specification for The National Flag of India ( Cotton Khadi, PDF version)" (PDF). Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF). Brief History. The first flag flown in India was that of the Delhi Sultanate. The flag was a plain green field with a vertical black stripe representing Islam. In Large Indian Flag This flag of India can be printed from your web browser or the Adobe Acrobat PDF reader and is provided free for your personal use. Print from .
|Language:||English, Spanish, Arabic|
|ePub File Size:||27.77 MB|
|PDF File Size:||16.11 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Regsitration Required]|
Download free India flag graphics and printables including vector images, clip art , and more. Many different formats and sizes are available. Free flag of India vector files. Download high-resolution scalable files of the Indian flag in EPS, AI, PDF or SVG. Indian national flag: Flag of India. Name. Tiraṅgā (meaning "Tricolour"). Design. A horizontal tri-band of India saffron, white, and. India green; charged with a.
National symbols of India. Indian general loksabha election concept design starline 2. Hello, Sign in Sign in or Sign up. Views Read View source View history. When flags are placed in a straight line, the rightmost flag leftmost to the observer facing the flag is the Indian flag, followed by other national flags in alphabetical order.
Flat indian republic day background freepik 1k 2. Indian loksabha election design starline 1. Black and white hand drawn indian independence day background freepik 4k Indian republic day background freepik 2k Indian general loksabha election concept design starline 2. Hand drawn indian republic day background freepik 2k Background of india independence day banners freepik 13k Indian republic day background freepik 4.
India independence day composition with realistic flag freepik 11k Indian flag in wave style for republic day starline 2k Indian republic day freepik 1k 4. Indian republic day freepik 7. Hand drawn indian republic day background freepik 6. Flat india republic day background freepik 19k Realistic flag india independence day background freepik 1.
Elegant india independence day banners freepik 1k Sikkim was once an independent country before India claimed it on May 16, Before that, it was a monarchy and was ruled by Chogyals kings. He had interests in keeping Sikkimas an independent unit, just… Read More India has had a large number of calamities over the period of time. There have been many in the 21st century itself. Let's discuss the major earthquakes, floods, and tsunamis in the country which claimed thousands of lives and caused huge losses of property.
All three stripes of the flag saffron, white and green are to be equal in width and length. The size of the Ashoka Chakra is not specified in the Flag code, but it has twenty-four spokes that are evenly spaced.
Manufacturing standards for the Indian Flag", there is a chart that details the size of the Ashoka Chakra on the nine specific sizes of the national flag.
Note that the values given in the table correspond to CIE color space. Approximate RGB values for use may be taken to be: Gandhi first proposed a flag to the Indian National Congress in The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya. In the centre was a traditional spinning wheel, symbolising Gandhi's goal of making Indians self-reliant by fabricating their own clothing.
The design was then modified to include a white stripe in the centre for other religious communities, and provide a background for the spinning wheel.
Subsequently, to avoid sectarian associations with the colour scheme, saffron, white and green were chosen for the three bands, representing courage and sacrifice, peace and truth, and faith and chivalry respectively. A few days before India became independent on 15 August , the specially constituted Constituent Assembly decided that the flag of India must be acceptable to all parties and communities. However, the charkha was replaced by the Ashoka Chakra representing the eternal wheel of law.
The philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan , who later became India's first Vice President and second President , clarified the adopted flag and described its significance as follows:. A number of flags with varying designs were used in the period preceding the Indian Independence Movement by the rulers of different princely states; the idea of a single Indian flag was first raised by the British rulers of India after the rebellion of , which resulted in the establishment of direct imperial rule.
The first flag , whose design was based on western heraldic standards, were similar to the flags of other British colonies, including Canada and South Africa; its red field included the Union Flag in the upper-left quadrant and a Star of India capped by the royal crown in the middle of the right half. To address the question of how the star conveyed "Indianness", Queen Victoria created the Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India to honour services to the empire by her Indian subjects.
Subsequently, all the Indian princely states received flags with symbols based on the heraldic criteria of Europe including the right to fly defaced British red ensigns. In the early twentieth century, around the coronation of Edward VII , a discussion started on the need for a heraldic symbol that was representative of the Indian empire.
William Coldstream, a British member of the Indian Civil Service, campaigned the government to change the heraldic symbol from a star, which he considered to be a common choice, to something more appropriate. His proposal was not well received by the government; Lord Curzon rejected it for practical reasons including the multiplication of flags. Another symbol was the cow, or Gau Mata cow mother.
However, all these symbols were Hindu-centric and did not suggest unity with India's Muslim population. The partition of Bengal resulted in the introduction of a new flag representing the Indian independence movement that sought to unite the multitude of castes and races within the country.
The Vande Mataram flag, part of the Swadeshi movement against the British, comprised Indian religious symbols represented in western heraldic fashion. The tricolour flag included eight white lotuses on the upper green band representing the eight provinces, a sun and a crescent on the bottom red band, and the Vande Mataram slogan in Hindi on the central yellow band.
The flag was launched in Calcutta bereft of any ceremony and the launch was only briefly covered by newspapers. The flag was not covered in contemporary governmental or political reports either, but was used at the annual session of the Indian National Congress.
A slightly modified version was subsequently used by Madam Bhikaji Cama at the second International Socialist Congress in Stuttgart in Despite the multiple uses of the flag, it failed to generate enthusiasm amongst Indian nationalists.
Around the same time, another proposal for the flag was initiated by Sister Nivedita , a Hindu reformist and disciple of Swami Vivekananda. The flag consisted of a thunderbolt in the centre and a hundred and eight oil lamps for the border, with the Vande Mataram caption split around the thunderbolt.
It was also presented at the Indian National Congress meeting in In , Lord Ampthill , former Governor of the Madras Presidency , wrote to The Times of London in the run up to Empire Day pointing out that there existed "no flag representative of India as a whole or any Indian province Surely this is strange, seeing that but for India there would be no Empire.
In , Pingali Venkayya submitted thirty new designs, in the form of a booklet funded by members of the High Court of Madras. These many proposals and recommendations did little more than keep the flag movement alive. The flag included the Union Jack in the upper left corner, a star and crescent in the upper right, and seven stars displayed diagonally from the lower right, on a background of five red and four green alternating bands.
The flag resulted in the first governmental initiative against any nationalistic flag, as a magistrate in Coimbatore banned its use. The ban was followed by a public debate on the function and importance of a national flag.
In the early s, national flag discussions gained prominence across most British dominions following the peace treaty between Britain and Ireland. In November , the Indian delegation to the League of Nations wanted to use an Indian flag, and this prompted the British Indian government to place renewed emphasis on the flag as a national symbol. In April , Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi wrote in his journal Young India about the need for an Indian flag, proposing a flag with the charkha or spinning wheel at the centre.
Gandhi wanted the flag to be presented at the Congress session of , but it was not delivered on time, and another flag was proposed at the session. Gandhi later wrote that the delay was fortuitous since it allowed him to realise that other religions were not represented; he then added white to the banner colours, to represent all the other religions. Finally, owing to the religious-political sensibilities, in , Gandhi moved towards a more secular interpretation of the flag colours, stating that red stood for the sacrifices of the people, white for purity, and green for hope.
On 13 April , during a procession by local Congress volunteers in Nagpur commemorating the Jallianwala Bagh massacre , the Swaraj flag with the spinning wheel, designed by Pingali Venkayya, was hoisted.
This event resulted in a confrontation between the Congressmen and the police, after which five people were imprisoned. Over a hundred other protesters continued the flag procession after a meeting. Subsequently, on the first of May, Jamnalal Bajaj , the secretary of the Nagpur Congress Committee, started the Flag Satyagraha , gaining national attention and marking a significant point in the flag movement. The satyagraha , promoted nationally by the Congress, started creating cracks within the organisation in which the Gandhians were highly enthused while the other group, the Swarajists , called it inconsequential.
The flag movement was managed by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel with the idea of public processions and flag displays by common people. By the end of the movement, over people had been arrested across all of British India. The Bombay Chronicle reported that the movement drew from diverse groups of society including farmers, students, merchants, labourers and "national servants".
While Muslim participation was moderate, the movement enthused women, who had hitherto rarely participated in the independence movement. While the flag agitation got its impetus from Gandhi's writings and discourses, the movement received political acceptance following the Nagpur incident.
News reports, editorials and letters to editors published in various journals and newspapers of the time attest to the subsequent development of a bond between the flag and the nation. Soon, the concept of preserving the honour of the national flag became an integral component of the independence struggle.
While Muslims were still wary of the Swaraj flag, it gained acceptance among Muslim leaders of the Congress and the Khilafat Movement as the national flag. Detractors of the flag movement, including Motilal Nehru , soon hailed the Swaraj flag as a symbol of national unity. Thus, the flag became a significant structural component of the institution of India.
In contrast to the subdued responses of the past, the British Indian government took greater cognisance of the new flag, and began to define a policy of response.
The British parliament discussed public use of the flag, and based on directives from England, the British Indian government threatened to withdraw funds from municipalities and local governments that did not prevent the display of the Swaraj flag.
However, by then, the flag had already become the symbol of the independence movement. A few days before India gained its independence in August , the Constituent Assembly was formed.
Rajagopalachari , K. Munshi and B. Ambedkar as its members. On 14 July , the committee recommended that the flag of the Indian National Congress be adopted as the National Flag of India with suitable modifications, so as to make it acceptable to all parties and communities.
It was also resolved that the flag should not have any communal undertones. According to Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan , the chakra was chosen as it was representative of dharma and law. However, Jawaharlal Nehru explained that the change was more practical in nature, as unlike the flag with the spinning wheel, this design would appear symmetrical.
Gandhi was not very pleased by the change, but eventually came around to accepting it. The flag was proposed by Nehru at the Constituent Assembly on 22 July as a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron, white and dark green in equal proportions, with the Ashoka wheel in blue in the centre of the white band.
Nehru also presented two flags, one in Khadi-silk and the other in Khadi-cotton, to the assembly. The resolution was approved unanimously.
The design and manufacturing process for the national flag is regulated by three documents issued by the Bureau of Indian Standards BIS. All of the flags are made out of khadi cloth of silk or cotton. The standards were created in and were updated in In , after India became a republic, the Indian Standards Institute now the BIS brought out the first official specifications for the flag.
These were revised in to conform to the metric system which was adopted in India. The specifications were further amended on 17 August The guidelines are covered under civil and criminal laws and defects in the manufacturing process can result in punishments that include fines or jail terms. Khadi or hand-spun cloth is the only material allowed to be used for the flag, and flying a flag made of any other material is punishable by law with imprisonment up to three years, besides a fine.
Raw materials for khadi are restricted to cotton, silk and wool.