Visual C#® How to Program, 3/E. Simply Series. Simply C++: An App- Driven Tutorial Approach. Simply Java™ Programming: An App-Driven. Herbert Schildt is a leading authority on the. Java, C, C++, and C# languages, and is a master. Windows programmer. His programming books have sold more . Welcome to the Seventh Edition of Java Software Solutions: Foundations of. Program Design. We are pleased that this book has served the needs of so many .
|Language:||English, Spanish, Hindi|
|Genre:||Academic & Education|
|ePub File Size:||23.59 MB|
|PDF File Size:||17.11 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Regsitration Required]|
Modifying Our First Java Program. . JavaŒ How to Program, Seventh Edition This PDF is made available for personal use only during the relevant. Dr. Huiwei Guan, North Shore Community College at http://www. homeranking.info, by going to the Java How to Program, Tenth Edition , Early Objects. Java (Computer program language) I. Deitel, Harvey M., II. C How to Program , Seventh Edition, is an effective learning tool for each of these audiences.
Describe the components of a variable declaration. File Input and Output Ch The index can be used to check whether your programming skills are still up to date or to make a strategic decision about what programming language should be adopted when starting to build a new software system. Discuss that these concepts will be very important in later chapters. Two Truths and a Lie 1. Refer to page 58 for the sample code to swap variable contents.
Explain how to correctly swap the values of two variables. Refer to page 58 for the sample code to swap variable contents. You Do It 1. Students should follow the steps in the book on pages 59—62 to create a Java application that declares and uses a variable. Learning About Integer Data Types 1. Mathematically define integers and whole numbers.
It is likely that your students have forgotten what numbers these represent. Describe the int, byte, short, and long data types. Using Table , explain the storage capacity of each type. Spend a little time discussing why programmers must care about the storage capacity.
Demonstrate what happens if a math expression results in a number outside of the range of a data type. Quick Quiz 1 1.
A data item is constant when it cannot be changed while a program is running. A data item is when it might change. True or False: A variable declaration is a statement that reserves a named memory location. True 4. The types are all variations of the integer type. Using the boolean Data Type 1. Introduce the concept of a boolean variable, which can have one of two values: Using Table , describe the relational operators available in Java. Note that the result of each comparison is a boolean value.
Discuss that these concepts will be very important in later chapters. Define floating-point numbers. Describe the type of numbers that floating-point values represent. Using Table , introduce the two floating-point data types: Make sure that students understand the concept of significant digits. Reiterate the concept of precision. Double variables are more precise than float variables.
Demonstrate how to create several floating-point types. As shown on page 70, discuss why you need to type the letter F after the number in float declarations and instantiations. Using the char Data Type 1. Explain the use of the char data type to hold a single character. A constant character value is placed between single quotation marks. Describe the Unicode system as holding all symbols for all languages on the planet. Unicode helps Java be useful around the world.
Some Unicode values are listed in Table ; the entire table can be found at Unicode.
Demonstrate how to store Unicode values in the char data type. Introduce the built-in Java type String. Describe the purpose of an escape sequence. Using Table , describe common escape sequences. Discuss the differences between Figures and Students should follow the steps in the book on page 75 to create a Java application that declares and uses a char variable. Define the Scanner class.
Discuss why it is much better than traditional character-bycharacter input. Demonstrate how to use the Scanner class to capture keyboard input from the standard input device keyboard represented by System. Reiterate the importance of the prompt. Selected methods of the Scanner class are listed in Table on page Discuss the importance of echoing the input. Demonstrate what happens if the user types a string into a nextInt prompt.
If desired, you can demonstrate how to correctly input data into Strings, and then convert the Strings to the proper data type. This is covered a little later in the chapter.
Students can learn more about the Scanner class with following documentation: Illustrate the problems that may occur when using the nextLine method after one of the other Scanner class input methods. Use the code samples in Figures and to aid the discussion. Make sure that students are familiar with the concept of the keyboard buffer.
Remind students about using the JOptionPane class to create dialog boxes. Introduce an input dialog box and a confirm dialog box. Using Input Dialog Boxes 1.
Review the code in Figure , which produces the output shown in Figures and Using the code above Figure , demonstrate how the input boxes can be modified with different titles and icons. Describe how to convert a String into a primitive class using the type-wrapper classes: Integer, Float, and Double.
Figure illustrates how to convert a String class into double and int variables. Define the term parse. Its literal meaning is to break an object into component parts. It can be roughly defined as reading the contents of an object. Using Confirm Dialog Boxes 1.
Review the AirlineDialog class in Figure Using the code above Figure , demonstrate how confirm dialog boxes can be modified with different titles and icons.
Performing Arithmetic 1. Using Table , show that Java provides all of the standard arithmetic operators. Remind students that the rules of operator precedence apply in a program just as they do in math.
Define operand and binary operators. Identify them in a simple math expression. Differentiate between integer division and floating-point division.
Use examples for each. Make sure that students understand that in integer division, any fractional portion of a division result will be lost when both operators are of an integer data type. Define the modulus or remainder operator.
Students often have a difficult time grasping the concept of modulus. You will need to discuss this operator often in class. Associativity and Precedence 1.
Remind students about the traditional order of operations acronym, PEMDAS, which they may have learned in grade school. Spell it out for them: Define operator precedence and refer to Table Using your Java environment, demonstrate how operator precedence works using your Java environment.
Writing Arithmetic Statements Efficiently 1. Use examples to explain how to avoid unnecessary repetition of arithmetic statements. Point out the examples on page Have students identify the grossPay variable. Mention that integer values are exact, but floating-point numbers frequently are only approximations.
Explain that imprecision leads to several problems, including: Floating-point output might not look like what you expect or want. Comparisons with floating-point numbers might not be what you expect or want. Using your Java environment, provide examples of the imprecision in floating-point numbers.
Quick Quiz 2 1. A relational operator compares two items; an expression containing a comparison operator has a n value. A n data type can hold floating-point values of up to six or seven significant digits of accuracy. You use arithmetic Answer: When you combine mathematical operations in a single statement, you must understand , or the rules for the order in which parts of a mathematical expression are evaluated. The operator returns the remainder of integer division. Understanding Type Conversion 1.
Describe the concept of type conversion. Discuss why this is an important concept. Automatic Type Conversion 1.
Define a unifying type. Using Figure , explain how Java promotes variables to a unifying type by selecting the largest data type in the expression.
Explicit Type Conversions 1.
Remind students of the F placed after numbers to convert a double into float. Define type casting. Demonstrate how to create an explicit conversion using the cast operator. Be sure to provide an example demonstrating why this is important. A good example is dividing 1 and 2, expecting. Review this section, discussing each point with the class. Quick Quiz 3 1. The cast type is the type to which all operands in an expression are converted so that they are compatible with each other.
False 2. A character that is a digit is represented in computer memory differently than a numeric value represented by the same digit. A n dialog box asks a question and provides a text field in which the user can enter a response. Class Discussion Topics 1. Why do you think it is important to have a variety of different data types for integers and floating-point numbers? Why might it be necessary to perform type casting?
How could the JOptionPane be used for a video game? Additional Projects 1. Create a Java application that performs two arithmetic and two comparison operations on the same set of variables.
Print the results to the console. Create a Java application that prompts the user for two values using input dialog boxes and then displays the sum of the values using a message dialog box. Find out how Android handles the JOptionPane. Additional Resources 1. Primitive Data Types: More on JOptionPane: If you have the impression there is a programming language lacking, please notify us at tpci tiobe.
Please also check the overview of all programming languages that we monitor. The following list of languages denotes 51 to Since the differences are relatively small, the programming languages are only listed in alphabetical order.
This month the following changes have been made to the definition of the index: There are lots of mails that still need to be processed. As soon as there is more time available your mail will be answered. Please be patient. To see the bigger picture, please find below the positions of the top 10 programming languages of many years back.
Please note that these are average positions for a period of 12 months. The hall of fame listing all "Programming Language of the Year" award winners is shown below. The award is given to the programming language that has the highest rise in ratings in a year.
This is the top 5 of most requested changes and bugs. If you have any suggestions how to improve the index don't hesitate to send an e-mail to tpci tiobe.
If a language meets the criteria of being listed i. The data set runs from June till today. It started with 25 languages back in , and now measures more than languages once a month.
The data are available in comma separated format. Please contact sales tiobe. Well, you can do it either way and both are wrong. If you take the sum, then you get the intersection twice. If you take the max, then you miss the difference.