IN PLACING before the reader this unabridged translation of Adolf Hitler's book, In the beginning of the French invaded Germany, occupied the Ruhr district and very little contact with the world of genuine manual labourers. Adolf Hitler was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party ( Nationalsozialistische "The Response of the Catholic Church to National Socialism" (PDF). The Churches and Nazi Persecution. Yad Vashem. "Poles: Victims of the Nazi Era. During World War II, Hitler was the Commander-in-Chief of the German forces and made all Hitler did not like the Austrian army, so he left Austria for Germany.
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This is the Urdu version of Biography of Adolf Hitler which was written by a German Politician was also leader of German Nazi Party, He was chancellor of. Ilemo copy above is from RE/AR file folder on ADOLF HITLER filed under WASH . the Government of Etaunschweig in order:to became a German citizen he. Biography of Adolf Hitler In Urdu, Hitler Ki Aap Beeti By Adolf Hitler Read online Tags: Books by Adolf Hitler Pdf Free Download, Germany History in Urdu.
The Hague: Butler, Ewan; Young, Gordon They laugh now, just as foolishly, when I declare that I shall remain in power! Having achieved full control over the legislative and executive branches of government, Hitler and his allies began to suppress the remaining opposition. Retrieved 5 January Camps and ghettos.
On 16 August , Hitler joined the Bavarian army. He fought for Germany in World War I.
He spent nearly the whole time on the Western Front. He was a runner, one of the most dangerous jobs on the Front. On 1 November , Hitler became a Gefreiter which was like being a private first class in the United States Army , or a lance corporal in the British Army. On 5 October , Hitler was hurt by a bullet shell.
Between 9 October and 1 December, he was in the military hospital Belitz. In March , Hitler participated in the Spring Offensive. After Germany surrendered , Hitler was shocked, because the German army still held enemy area in November There he attended the funeral march of the Bavarian prime minister Kurt Eisner , who had been killed.
Later that year, Hitler joined a small political party called the German Workers Party. He became member number Two years later, he became the party's leader. It became known as the Nazi Party. In , Hitler got together several hundred other members of the Nazi Party and tried to take over the Weimar Republic government —34 in the Beer Hall Putsch.
The government killed 13 of his men  the 13 dead men were later declared saints in Nazi ideology. They also put Hitler in the Landsberg Prison. They said that he would stay in prison for five years, but they let him leave after nine months. While Hitler was in prison, he wrote a book with the help of his close friend Rudolf Hess.
In the end, he called the book " Mein Kampf " "My Struggle". Mein Kampf brought together some of Hitler's different ideas and explains where they came from: In Mein Kampf , Hitler says Martin Luther was "a great warrior , a true statesman and a great reformer.
In , Hitler was elected into the German government. He ended freedom of speech , and put his enemies in jail or killed them. He did not allow any other political party except the Nazi party.
All media had to praise the Nazis. Also, more people were born because Hitler wanted more people of the "master race" those he called "Aryans". He made Germany a totalitarian Nazi state. During the war, Hitler ordered the Nazis to kill many people, including women and children. The Nazis killed around six million Jews in the Holocaust.
Other people that the Nazis killed were Roma Gypsies , homosexuals , Slavs such as Russians and Poles , and his political opponents. Finally, some of the other countries in the world worked together to defeat Germany. Hitler lost all of the land that he had taken, and millions of Germans were killed in the war. Many people did and moved to the region of Berchtesgaden. They used planes and truck convoys. Less than 24 hours after Hitler and Eva Braun got married in Berlin , both of them used poison to kill themselves, then Hitler shot himself in the head with his gun.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Adolf Hitler Official image of Hitler, taken in NS-Archiv" in German. Retrieved Der Zweite Weltkrieg in German.
Hitler's Leadership Style". Retrieved 27 April Check date values in: The regular army, known as the Wehrmacht , was a separate organisation. Retrieved 9 January Hitlers Jugend in German. Eine Biographie. A Study in Tyranny. Penguin Books. Hitler — Adolf Hitler; Biography in German. Mein Kampf. Mariner Books. Bibliothek der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. Retrieved 10 July Chris Trueman. John Simkin. Gary Grobman. Retrieved 13 July Steven Schoenherr.
University of South Florida. Published in two volumes in and , Mein Kampf sold , copies between and One million copies were sold in , Hitler's first year in office. Shortly before Hitler was eligible for parole, the Bavarian government attempted to have him deported back to Austria. At the time of Hitler's release from prison, politics in Germany had become less combative and the economy had improved, limiting Hitler's opportunities for political agitation.
In a meeting with the Prime Minister of Bavaria Heinrich Held on 4 January , Hitler agreed to respect the state's authority and promised that he would seek political power only through the democratic process. Gregor Strasser steered a more independent political course, emphasising the socialist elements of the party's programme. The stock market in the United States crashed on 24 October The impact in Germany was dire: They promised to repudiate the Versailles Treaty, strengthen the economy, and provide jobs.
The Great Depression provided a political opportunity for Hitler. Germans were ambivalent about the parliamentary republic , which faced challenges from right- and left-wing extremists.
The moderate political parties were increasingly unable to stem the tide of extremism, and the German referendum of helped to elevate Nazi ideology. Governance by decree became the new norm and paved the way for authoritarian forms of government. Hitler made a prominent appearance at the trial of two Reichswehr officers, Lieutenants Richard Scheringer and Hans Ludin, in late Although Hitler had terminated his Austrian citizenship in , he did not acquire German citizenship for almost seven years.
This meant that he was stateless , legally unable to run for public office, and still faced the risk of deportation. Hitler ran against Hindenburg in the presidential elections.
Although he lost to Hindenburg, this election established Hitler as a strong force in German politics. The absence of an effective government prompted two influential politicians, Franz von Papen and Alfred Hugenberg , along with several other industrialists and businessmen, to write a letter to Hindenburg.
The signers urged Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as leader of a government "independent from parliamentary parties", which could turn into a movement that would "enrapture millions of people". Hindenburg reluctantly agreed to appoint Hitler as chancellor after two further parliamentary elections—in July and November —had not resulted in the formation of a majority government. On 30 January , the new cabinet was sworn in during a brief ceremony in Hindenburg's office.
Because of the political stalemate, he asked Hindenburg to again dissolve the Reichstag, and elections were scheduled for early March. On 27 February , the Reichstag building was set on fire. The decree was permitted under Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution, which gave the president the power to take emergency measures to protect public safety and order. In addition to political campaigning, the NSDAP engaged in paramilitary violence and the spread of anti-communist propaganda in the days preceding the election.
Hitler's party failed to secure an absolute majority, necessitating another coalition with the DNVP. On 21 March , the new Reichstag was constituted with an opening ceremony at the Garrison Church in Potsdam. This "Day of Potsdam" was held to demonstrate unity between the Nazi movement and the old Prussian elite and military. Hitler appeared in a morning coat and humbly greeted Hindenburg. These laws could with certain exceptions deviate from the constitution.
Leaving nothing to chance, the Nazis used the provisions of the Reichstag Fire Decree to arrest all 81 Communist deputies in spite of their virulent campaign against the party, the Nazis had allowed the KPD to contest the election  and prevent several Social Democrats from attending. Ranks of SA men served as guards inside the building, while large groups outside opposing the proposed legislation shouted slogans and threats towards the arriving members of parliament.
The Act passed by a vote of —84, with all parties except the Social Democrats voting in favour. The Enabling Act, along with the Reichstag Fire Decree, transformed Hitler's government into a de facto legal dictatorship. At the risk of appearing to talk nonsense I tell you that the National Socialist movement will go on for 1, years! Don't forget how people laughed at me 15 years ago when I declared that one day I would govern Germany.
They laugh now, just as foolishly, when I declare that I shall remain in power! Having achieved full control over the legislative and executive branches of government, Hitler and his allies began to suppress the remaining opposition.
The Social Democratic Party was banned and its assets seized. On 2 May all trade unions were forced to dissolve and their leaders were arrested. Some were sent to concentration camps. By the end of June, the other parties had been intimidated into disbanding. On 2 August , Hindenburg died.
As head of state, Hitler became commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Immediately after Hindenberg's death, at the instigation of the leadership of the Reichswehr , the traditional loyalty oath of soldiers was altered to affirm loyalty to Hitler personally, by name , rather than to the office of commander-in-chief which was later renamed to supreme commander or the state. In early , Hitler used blackmail to consolidate his hold over the military by instigating the Blomberg—Fritsch Affair.
Hitler forced his War Minister, Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg , to resign by using a police dossier that showed that Blomberg's new wife had a record for prostitution. On the same day, sixteen generals were stripped of their commands and 44 more were transferred; all were suspected of not being sufficiently pro-Nazi.
Hitler took care to give his dictatorship the appearance of legality. Many of his decrees were explicitly based on the Reichstag Fire Decree and hence on Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution. The Reichstag renewed the Enabling Act twice, each time for a four-year period.
In August , Hitler appointed Reichsbank President Hjalmar Schacht as Minister of Economics, and in the following year, as Plenipotentiary for War Economy in charge of preparing the economy for war. Hitler's government sponsored architecture on an immense scale. Albert Speer , instrumental in implementing Hitler's classicist reinterpretation of German culture, was placed in charge of the proposed architectural renovations of Berlin.
Hitler officiated at the opening ceremonies and attended events at both the Winter Games in Garmisch-Partenkirchen and the Summer Games in Berlin. In a meeting with German military leaders on 3 February , Hitler spoke of "conquest for Lebensraum in the East and its ruthless Germanisation" as his ultimate foreign policy objectives. Anschluss with Austria, the restoration of Germany's national borders of , rejection of military restrictions under the Treaty of Versailles, the return of the former German colonies in Africa, and a German zone of influence in Eastern Europe.
Britain, France, Italy, and the League of Nations condemned these violations of the Treaty, but did nothing to stop it. Hitler called the signing of the AGNA "the happiest day of his life", believing that the agreement marked the beginning of the Anglo-German alliance he had predicted in Mein Kampf. Germany reoccupied the demilitarised zone in the Rhineland in March , in violation of the Versailles Treaty. Hitler also sent troops to Spain to support General Franco during the Spanish Civil War after receiving an appeal for help in July At the same time, Hitler continued his efforts to create an Anglo-German alliance.
Hitler abandoned his plan of an Anglo-German alliance, blaming "inadequate" British leadership. He ordered preparations for war in the East, to begin as early as and no later than In the event of his death, the conference minutes, recorded as the Hossbach Memorandum , were to be regarded as his "political testament".
In February , on the advice of his newly appointed foreign minister, the strongly pro-Japanese Joachim von Ribbentrop , Hitler ended the Sino-German alliance with the Republic of China to instead enter into an alliance with the more modern and powerful Empire of Japan.
Hitler announced German recognition of Manchukuo , the Japanese-occupied state in Manchuria , and renounced German claims to their former colonies in the Pacific held by Japan. The men agreed that Henlein would demand increased autonomy for Sudeten Germans from the Czechoslovakian government, thus providing a pretext for German military action against Czechoslovakia.
In April Henlein told the foreign minister of Hungary that "whatever the Czech government might offer, he would always raise still higher demands Germany was dependent on imported oil; a confrontation with Britain over the Czechoslovakian dispute could curtail Germany's oil supplies.
In late and early , the continuing economic crisis caused by rearmament forced Hitler to make major defence cuts. On 15 March , in violation of the Munich accord and possibly as a result of the deepening economic crisis requiring additional assets,  Hitler ordered the Wehrmacht to invade Prague , and from Prague Castle he proclaimed Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate.
In private discussions in , Hitler declared Britain the main enemy to be defeated and that Poland's obliteration was a necessary prelude for that goal. He had repeatedly claimed that he must lead Germany into war before he got too old, as his successors might lack his strength of will. Hitler was concerned that a military attack against Poland could result in a premature war with Britain.
This plan required tacit Soviet support,  and the non-aggression pact the Molotov—Ribbentrop Pact between Germany and the Soviet Union, led by Joseph Stalin , included a secret agreement to partition Poland between the two countries. This, along with news from Italy that Mussolini would not honour the Pact of Steel , prompted Hitler to postpone the attack on Poland from 25 August to 1 September.
On 1 September , Germany invaded western Poland under the pretext of having been denied claims to the Free City of Danzig and the right to extraterritorial roads across the Polish Corridor , which Germany had ceded under the Versailles Treaty. The fall of Poland was followed by what contemporary journalists dubbed the " Phoney War " or Sitzkrieg "sitting war".
Hitler instructed the two newly appointed Gauleiters of north-western Poland, Albert Forster of Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia and Arthur Greiser of Reichsgau Wartheland , to Germanise their areas, with "no questions asked" about how this was accomplished. Greiser soon complained that Forster was allowing thousands of Poles to be accepted as "racial" Germans and thus endangered German "racial purity". On 9 April, German forces invaded Denmark and Norway.
On the same day Hitler proclaimed the birth of the Greater Germanic Reich , his vision of a united empire of Germanic nations of Europe in which the Dutch, Flemish, and Scandinavians were joined into a "racially pure" polity under German leadership. These victories prompted Mussolini to have Italy join forces with Hitler on 10 June. France and Germany signed an armistice on 22 June. Britain, whose troops were forced to evacuate France by sea from Dunkirk ,  continued to fight alongside other British dominions in the Battle of the Atlantic.
Hitler made peace overtures to the new British leader, Winston Churchill , and upon their rejection he ordered a series of aerial attacks on Royal Air Force airbases and radar stations in south-east England. On 7 September the systematic nightly bombing of London began. The nightly air raids on British cities intensified and continued for months, including London, Plymouth , and Coventry. Hitler's attempt to integrate the Soviet Union into the anti-British bloc failed after inconclusive talks between Hitler and Molotov in Berlin in November, and he ordered preparations for the invasion of the Soviet Union.
In February, German forces arrived in Libya to bolster the Italian presence. In April, Hitler launched the invasion of Yugoslavia , quickly followed by the invasion of Greece. Hitler ordered Army Group Centre to temporarily halt its advance to Moscow and divert its Panzer groups to aid in the encirclement of Leningrad and Kiev. Four days later, Hitler declared war against the United States. In late , German forces were defeated in the second battle of El Alamein ,  thwarting Hitler's plans to seize the Suez Canal and the Middle East.
Overconfident in his own military expertise following the earlier victories in , Hitler became distrustful of his Army High Command and began to interfere in military and tactical planning, with damaging consequences. Over , Axis soldiers were killed and , were taken prisoner. Marshal Pietro Badoglio , placed in charge of the government, soon surrendered to the Allies. On 6 June , the Western Allied armies landed in northern France in one of the largest amphibious operations in history, Operation Overlord.
Between and , there were many plans to assassinate Hitler , some of which proceeded to significant degrees.
Hitler narrowly survived because staff officer Heinz Brandt moved the briefcase containing the bomb behind a leg of the heavy conference table, which deflected much of the blast. Recognising the strength and determination of the Red Army, Hitler decided to use his remaining mobile reserves against the American and British troops, which he perceived as far weaker. Roosevelt on 12 April , but contrary to his expectations, this caused no rift among the Allies. In the ruined garden of the Reich Chancellery, he awarded Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth , who were now fighting the Red Army at the front near Berlin.
Hitler ordered Steiner to attack the northern flank of the salient , while the German Ninth Army was ordered to attack northward in a pincer attack. During a military conference on 22 April, Hitler asked about Steiner's offensive. He was told that the attack had not been launched and that the Soviets had entered Berlin. Hitler asked everyone except Wilhelm Keitel, Alfred Jodl , Hans Krebs , and Wilhelm Burgdorf to leave the room,  then launched into a tirade against the treachery and incompetence of his commanders, culminating in his declaration—for the first time—that "everything was lost".
By 23 April the Red Army had surrounded Berlin,  and Goebbels made a proclamation urging its citizens to defend the city. On 30 April , Soviet troops were within a block or two of the Reich Chancellery when Hitler shot himself in the head and Braun bit into a cyanide capsule.
Berlin surrendered on 2 May. Records in the Soviet archives obtained after the fall of the Soviet Union state that the remains of Hitler, Braun, Joseph and Magda Goebbels , the six Goebbels children , General Hans Krebs , and Hitler's dogs were repeatedly buried and exhumed. The remains from the boxes were burned, crushed, and scattered into the Biederitz river, a tributary of the Elbe. If the international Jewish financiers in and outside Europe should succeed in plunging the nations once more into a world war, then the result will not be the Bolshevisation of the earth, and thus the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe!
The Holocaust and Germany's war in the East were based on Hitler's long-standing view that the Jews were the enemy of the German people and that Lebensraum was needed for Germany's expansion.
He focused on Eastern Europe for this expansion, aiming to defeat Poland and the Soviet Union and then removing or killing the Jews and Slavs. The genocide was organised and executed by Heinrich Himmler and Reinhard Heydrich. The records of the Wannsee Conference , held on 20 January and led by Heydrich, with fifteen senior Nazi officials participating, provide the clearest evidence of systematic planning for the Holocaust.
On 22 February, Hitler was recorded saying, "we shall regain our health only by eliminating the Jews". Between and , the Schutzstaffel SS , assisted by collaborationist governments and recruits from occupied countries, was responsible for the deaths of at least eleven million non-combatants,   including 5. Many victims of the Holocaust were gassed to death, while others died of starvation or disease or while working as slave labourers.
Food supplies would be diverted to the German army and German civilians. Cities would be razed and the land allowed to return to forest or resettled by German colonists. Hitler's policies resulted in the killing of nearly two million non-Jewish Poles ,  over three million Soviet prisoners of war ,  communists and other political opponents, homosexuals , the physically and mentally disabled,   Jehovah's Witnesses , Adventists , and trade unionists.
Hitler did not speak publicly about the killings, and seems never to have visited the concentration camps. The Nazis embraced the concept of racial hygiene. The laws banned sexual relations and marriages between Aryans and Jews and were later extended to include "Gypsies, Negroes or their bastard offspring". The principle relied on absolute obedience of all subordinates to their superiors; thus he viewed the government structure as a pyramid, with himself—the infallible leader —at the apex.
Rank in the party was not determined by elections—positions were filled through appointment by those of higher rank, who demanded unquestioning obedience to the will of the leader. His cabinet never met after , and he discouraged his ministers from meeting independently. Hitler dominated his country's war effort during World War II to a greater extent than any other national leader. He strengthened his control of the armed forces in , and subsequently made all major decisions regarding Germany's military strategy.
His decision to mount a risky series of offensives against Norway, France, and the Low Countries in against the advice of the military proved successful, though the diplomatic and military strategies he employed in attempts to force the United Kingdom out of the war ended in failure.
Nevertheless, he continued to believe that only his leadership could deliver victory. For peace, freedom and democracy never again fascism millions of dead remind [us].
Hitler's suicide was likened by contemporaries to a "spell" being broken. Hitler's actions and Nazi ideology are almost universally regarded as gravely immoral;  according to Kershaw, "Never in history has such ruination—physical and moral—been associated with the name of one man".
Germany itself suffered wholesale destruction, characterised as Stunde Null Zero Hour. Rummel , the Nazi regime was responsible for the democidal killing of an estimated Historian Friedrich Meinecke described Hitler as "one of the great examples of the singular and incalculable power of personality in historical life". Roberts , Hitler's defeat marked the end of a phase of European history dominated by Germany. He contends that without Hitler, the de-colonisation of former European spheres of influence would have been postponed.
Hitler was born to a practising Catholic mother and an anticlerical father; after leaving home Hitler never again attended Mass or received the sacraments. Historian John S. Conway states that Hitler was fundamentally opposed to the Christian churches. Hitler viewed the church as an important politically conservative influence on society,  and he adopted a strategic relationship with it that "suited his immediate political purposes".
Speer wrote that Hitler had a negative view of Himmler's and Alfred Rosenberg 's mystical notions and Himmler's attempt to mythologise the SS. Hitler was more pragmatic, and his ambitions centred on more practical concerns. Researchers have variously suggested that Hitler suffered from irritable bowel syndrome , skin lesions , irregular heartbeat , coronary sclerosis ,  Parkinson's disease ,   syphilis ,  giant-cell arteritis ,  and tinnitus.
Langer of Harvard University described Hitler as a "neurotic psychopath ". Adolf Hitler , historian Robert G. Waite proposes that he suffered from borderline personality disorder. Hitler followed a vegetarian diet. He occasionally drank beer and wine in private, but gave up drinking because of weight gain in Prescribed 90 medications during the war years by his personal physician, Theodor Morell , Hitler took many pills each day for chronic stomach problems and other ailments.
Hitler created a public image as a celibate man without a domestic life, dedicated entirely to his political mission and the nation. It was rumoured among contemporaries that Geli was in a romantic relationship with him, and her death was a source of deep, lasting pain.
Hitler exploited documentary films and newsreels to inspire a cult of personality. He was involved and appeared in a series of propaganda films throughout his political career—such as Der Sieg des Glaubens and Triumph des Willens —made by Leni Riefenstahl , regarded as a pioneer of modern filmmaking. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Hitler disambiguation.
Leader of Germany from to Eva Braun m. Gefreiter Verbindungsmann. Main article: Hitler family. Hitler's mother, Klara.
Hitler's father, Alois. Military career of Adolf Hitler. Political views of Adolf Hitler. Beer Hall Putsch. Adolf Hitler's rise to power.
Enabling Act of Nazi Germany. Economy of Nazi Germany. Main articles: Axis powers , Tripartite Pact , and German re-armament. See also: Germany—Japan relations. Causes of World War II. Death of Adolf Hitler. Hitler on 20 April in his last public appearance, in the garden of the Reich Chancellery, ten days before he and Eva Braun committed suicide.
The Holocaust and Final Solution. Further information: Consequences of Nazism and Neo-Nazism. Religious views of Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler's health and Psychopathography of Adolf Hitler. Hitler family and Sexuality of Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler in popular culture and List of speeches given by Adolf Hitler.
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