An epic account of the struggle between the Taira and Minamoto clans for control of Japan at the end of the 12th century in the Genpei War. The Japanese Tale of the Heike. Hiroaki Yamashita, Elizabeth Oyler. Oral Tradition, Volume 18, Number 1, March , pp. (Article). Published by Center. "With a reflection on the fleeting nature of power and glory begins The Tale of the Heike, an epic from twelfth-century Japan. Comparable in.
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PDF | One positive movement in scholarship is a focus on the relationships between individual Heike variants and their influence on other. The Tales of the Heike is one of the most influentialworks in Japanese literature and culture, remaining even today acrucial source for fiction, drama, and popu. The Heike, like the Genji, was a warrior clan, but had quickly lost its hardy Now the Ho-o had heard a slanderous tale from Saiko-hoshi and his son to the.
The Taira are defeated and flee by boats in different directions. Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private. You may have already requested this item. After the earthquake the hut is ruined. Be the first.
Your rating has been recorded. Write a review Rate this item: Preview this item Preview this item. The tale of the Heike Author: Royall Tyler Publisher: New York: Viking, English Summary: Comparable in stature to The Tale of Genji, The Tale of the Heike narrates with wit, energy, and compassion the stories of such unforgettable characters as the ruthless warlord Kiyomori, who dies still burning with such rage that water poured on him boils; Hotoke, the beautiful young dancer who renounces wealth and fame to follow her conscience; Shigemori, the tyrant's righteous son, who struggles against all odds to uphold fairness and justice; and Yoshitsune, the daring commander who defeats the enemy in battle after battle, only to be condemned by his jealous, powerful brother.
The Tale of the Heike is a foundation stone of Japanese culture and a major masterpiece of world literature. Lavishly illustrated and accompanied by maps, character guides, and genealogies.
Read more Show all links. Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private. Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item Taira family; Taira family. Material Type: Document, Fiction, Internet resource Document Type: Royall Tyler Find more information about: Royall Tyler. Presents a masterpiece of world literature and the progenitor of all samurai stories.
Legendary for its magnificent and vivid set battle scenes, this book is filled with intimate human dramas and emotions, contemplating Buddhist themes of suffering and separation, as well as universal insights into love, loss and loyalty.
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At night, a flock of birds rises with great noise and the Taira forces, thinking that they are attacked, retreat in panic. Kiyomori, under pressure from temples and courtiers, moves the capital back to Kyoto.
Retired Emperors and courtiers lament the destruction of Nara. This evil deed is believed to lead to Kiyomori's downfall. In , Retired Emperor Takakura, dies troubled by the events of the last several years. Kiso no Yoshinaka cousin of Minamoto no Yoritomo in the northwestern provinces plans a rebellion against the Taira and raises an army.
The Taira have trouble dealing with all the rebellions. To make things worse for the Taira, their leader, Taira no Kiyomori , falls ill.
His body is hot as fire and no water can cool him. Water sprayed on his body turns to flames and black smoke that fills the room. Before dying in agony, Kiyomori makes a wish to have the head of Minamoto no Yoritomo hung before his grave. His death in , age 64 highlights the themes of impermanence and fall of the mighty. Kiyomori's evil deeds will become his torturers in Hell. His fame and power turned to smoke and dust. In the east, Taira forces are successful in some battles, but are not able to defeat the Minamoto forces.
Divine forces punish and kill the governor appointed by Kiyomori to put down Kiso no Yoshinaka's rebellion. Kiso no Yoshinaka wins a major battle at Yokotagawara Taira no Munemori, the leader of the Taira clan, is conferred a high rank in the court administration.
In , the Taira gather a large army mainly from western provinces and send it against Minamoto no Yoshinaka and Minamoto no Yoritomo. Going north, Taira armies pillage local villages. Taira no Tsunemasa visits an island to pray and compose a poem. At the Siege of Hiuchi , the Taira get help from a loyal abbot and defeat Yoshinaka's garrisons. Yoshinaka writes a petition at the Hachiman Shrine to get divine help for the upcoming battle.
Yoshinaka attacks the Taira armies at night from the front and rear and forces them to retreat and descend to the Kurikara Valley , where most of the 70, Taira riders are crushed piling up in many layers a famous "descent into Kurikara" — a major victory of Yoshinaka.
At Shio-no-yama, Yoshinaka helps his uncle Yoshiie to defeat the Taira forces Kiyomori's son Tomonori is killed in the battle. Taira armies are also defeated in the Battle of Shinohara.
Yoshinaka wins Mount Hiei monks over to his side. Taira no Munemori , head of the Taira, flees to the western provinces with Emperor Antoku and the Imperial Regalia Retired Emperor Go-Shirakawa manages to escape in a different direction. Taira no Tadanori Kiyomori's brother flees the capital leaving some of his poems to a famous poet Fujiwara no Shunzei.
Tsunemasa returns a famous lute to the Ninna-ji. He installs a new emperor, Emperor Go-Toba , and puts the Taira out of government positions they are designated as rebels. They arrive to Yashima in Shikoku where they have to live in humble huts instead of palaces. Yoritomo receives the messenger from the capital with great courtesy, invites him to a feast and gives him many gifts. Yoritomo's manners sharply contrast with Minamoto no Yoshinaka's arrogant behaviour in the capital.
Yoshinaka's rudeness and lack of knowledge about etiquette are shown to be ridiculous in several episodes makes fun of courtiers, wears tasteless hunting robes, does not know how to get out of a carriage. Meanwhile, the Taira regain their strength and assemble a strong army. Yoshinaka sends forces against them, but this time the Taira are victorious in the battle of Mizushima. Their influence grows even more after the victory at the Battle of Muroyama. Minamoto no Yoritomo sends Minamoto no Yoshitsune to put an end to Yoshinaka's excesses.
When Minamoto no Yoshinaka prepares to march west against the Taira early , armies led by Minamoto no Yoshitsune arrive to strike him from the east. The struggle between the Minamoto forces follows. Yoshinaka tries to defend the capital, but Yoshitsune's warriors succeed in crossing the Uji River and defeating Yoshinaka's forces at Uji and Seta.
Yoshitsune takes control of the capital and guards the mansion of the Retired Emperor Go-Shirakawa, not letting Yoshinaka's men capture him.
Yoshinaka barely breaks through the enemy forces.
He meets with his foster-brother Imai Kanehira and they try to escape from pursuing enemy forces. In a famous scene, Yoshinaka is killed when his horse is stuck in the muddy field. Kanehira fights his last battle and commits suicide.
While the Minamoto fight among themselves in the capital, the Taira move back to Fukuhara and set up defences at the Ichi-no-tani stronghold near what is now Suma-ku, Kobe.
Minamoto no Yoshitsune's armies move west to attack the Taira from the rear whereas his half-brother Noriyori advances to attack the Taira camp from the east. Yoshitsune, planning a surprise attack on Ichi-no-tani from the west, follows an old horse that guides his forces through the mountains. Meanwhile, fierce fighting starts at Ikuta-no-mori and Ichi-no-tani, but neither side is able to gain a decisive advantage. Yoshitsune's cavalry descends a steep slope at Hiyodori Pass decisively attacking the Taira from the rear.
The Taira panic and flee to the boats. As the battle continues, Taira no Tadanori Kiyomori's brother who visited the poet Shunzei is killed. Taira no Shigehira Kiyomori's son who burned Nara , deserted by his men at Ikuta-no-mori, is captured alive trying to commit suicide. In a famous passage, Taira no Atsumori young nephew of Kiyomori is challenged to a fight by a warrior, Kumagai Naozane. Naozane overpowers him, but then hesitates to kill him since he reminds him of his own young son.
Seeing the approaching riders who are going to kill the youth, Naozane kills Atsumori, and finds his flute later he becomes a Buddhist monk. The Taira are defeated and flee by boats in different directions. In , Taira no Shigehira captured alive and the heads of the defeated Taira are paraded in the streets of the capital.
It is clear that he will be executed. Shigehira, concerned about his past arrogance and evil deeds burning of Nara temples , wants to devote himself to Buddhism. Shigehira is sent to Kamakura. On his journey along the Eastern Sea Road , Shigehira passes numerous places that evoke historical and literary associations.
Minamoto no Yoritomo receives Shigehira, who claims that burning Nara temples was an accident. Before being sent to the Nara monks, Shigehira is treated well at Izu a bath is prepared for him, wine is served, a beautiful lady serving Yoritomo, Senju-no-mae, sings several songs with Buddhist meaning and plays the lute; Shigehira also sings and plays the lute — after Shigehira's execution, Senju-no-mae becomes a nun.
At Yashima, Taira no Koremori , grandson of Taira no Kiyomori, is grieved to be away from his family in the capital. He secretly leaves Yashima and travels to Mt.
There he meets with a holy man, Takiguchi Tokiyori. A story of his tragic love is inserted: His father was against their marriage and Tokiyori became a monk. When Yokobue came looking for him, he was firm and did not come out.
He went to Mt.
Yokobue became a nun and died soon. Koremori comes to this priest, becomes a monk himself and goes on a pilgrimage to Kumano. After the priest's encouraging Pure Land Buddhist teachings, Koremori abandons his attachments, throws himself into the sea and drowns.
News of his death reaches Yashima Taira camp. The Taira are attacked at Fujito and retreat. In , a small force led by Minamoto no Yoshitsune lands on the island of Shikoku. Yoshitsune plans a surprise attack from the rear one more time after the Battle of Ichi-no-Tani on the Taira stronghold at the Battle of Yashima. The Taira, thinking that main Minamoto forces attack them, flee to their boats in panic. The Taira warriors shoot arrows at the Yoshitsune's forces.
Taira no Noritsune , Kiyomori's nephew and a commander of the Taira, shoots at Minamoto no Yoshitsune, but Tsuginobu, Yoshitsune's retainer, dies protecting him from arrows. In a famous passage, a Taira lady in a boat holds a fan as a challenge to the Minamoto warriors and Nasu no Yoichi , a skillful young Minamoto archer, hits the fan with his arrow. During the confused fighting at the shore, Yoshitsune loses his bow and gets it back risking his life. He famously explains that he did not want the Taira to get that bow for weak archers and laugh at him.
Before the final Battle of Dan-no-ura , the Minamoto gain new allies: In total, the Minamoto have about vessels against the Taira's Before the battle, Yoshitsune argues about leading the attack and almost fights with Kajiwara Kagetoki Minamoto commander jealous of Yoshitsune.
As the battle begins, the Taira are in good spirits and seem to be winning due to skillful positioning of archers on the boats. After the exchange of arrows from a distance main forces begin fighting.
Omens from Heaven white banner descends on a Minamoto boat, many dolphins swim to Taira boats show that the Minamoto are going to win. Taguchi Shigeyoshi from Awa Province in Shikoku betrays the Taira and informs the Minamoto about the boats carrying the main Taira forces in disguise.
In the famous and tragic passage, Kiyomori's widow , holding young Emperor Antoku in her arms, commits suicide by drowning.
Many Taira are killed or commit suicide at Dan-no-ura. Tomomori Kiyomori's son drowns himself. Taira no Noritsune, Kiyomori's nephew and a strong warrior, fails to have a fight with Minamoto no Yoshitsune and dies fighting bravely.
After the battle, Yoshitsune returns to capital with the Imperial Treasures the sacred sword has been lost and prisoners. Captured Taira are paraded along the streets of the capital with many spectators pitying their fate. Yoshitsune delivers Munemori to Minamoto no Yoritomo in Kamakura, but after Kajiwara Kagetoki 's slander, Yoritomo suspects Yoshitsune of treachery and does not allow him to enter Kamakura. Minamoto no Yoshitsune writes a letter of complaint listing his military deeds and loyal service.
Yoritomo still sends him back to the capital. Taira no Munemori and his son Kiyomune are executed, their heads hung near a prison gate in the capital. Taira no Shigehira Taira no Kiyomori's son captured at the Battle of Ichi-no-Tani is allowed to see his wife before being handed over to Nara monks. Warriors execute him in front of the monks. His head is nailed near the temple at Nara.
His wife becomes a nun after cremating his head and body. A powerful earthquake strikes the capital. Minamoto no Yoritomo's distrust of Minamoto no Yoshitsune grows. Yoritomo sends an assassin to kill Yoshitsune fails.
Then, Yoritomo kills Minamoto no Noriyori Yoshitsune's half brother who is reluctant to go against Yoshitsune. Taking control of the capital, Tokimasa executes all potential heirs to the Taira family. An informer shows the cloister where Koremori 's family including Rokudai is hiding.