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Engleski u lekcija besplatno engleski u lekcija pdf engleska gramatika za pocetnike gramatika engleskog jezika za pocetnike engleski. ideas about Simple Present Tense. Present simple - Engleski jezik - Gramatika homeranking.info upload marketing homeranking.info Fes. More information. Engleska gramatika:: Učenje engleskog jezika online. homeranking.info upload marketing homeranking.info homeranking.info upload marketing.


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Engleska Gramatika Za Svakoga-A5 - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online for free. Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd .. imena naroda u mnoini: the English (Englezi); - ispred imena posle kojih dolazi "of": we signed the treaty of. homeranking.info - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Engleska Gramatika Za Svakoga-A5. Uploaded .

Isto tako kod twelve se menja u twelfth. To znai ako if je odreeni uslov zadovoljen, onda then e doi do neke posledice. Predloni glagoli se grade na sljedei nain: I have not a single penny nemam niti jedan jedini peni. Brojevi - Numbers 1. U engleskom jeziku ima 24 suglasnika. Obviously, I can't know everything.

Na primer, ako zagrevamo led iznad 0 stepeni on e se poeti topiti. If If If uslov prosto sadanje vreme you heat ice posledica prosto sadanje vreme it melts. Vano je napomenuti da kod nultog kondicionala ne govorimo ni o prolosti, ni o sadanjosti ni o budunosti, ve jednostavno priamo o nekoj opepoznatoj injenici.

Da bi izrazili uslov i posljedicu koristimo prosto sadanje veme. Najvanije kod nultog kondicionala je zapamtiti da uslov ima uvek istu posledicu. If if If If If uslov prosto sadaenje vreme I miss the 8 o'clock bus I am late for work people don't eat posledica prosto sadanje vreme I am late for work.

Takoe, umesto if moemo koristiti when: When I get up late I miss by bus. Kondicionali - ukratko glavna reenica budue vrijeme kondicional sadanji kondicional proli prosto sadanje vrijeme "if" reenica sadanje vrijeme prosto budue vrijeme sloeno prolo vrijeme prosto sadanje vrijeme.

Sledea tabela daje prikaz kondicionala po verovatnosti ispunjenja uslova. Naravno, procenti za prvi i drugi kondicional su dati samo orijentaciono za poreenje.

If I won the lottery, I would buy a car. If I had won a lottery, I would have bought a car. Pasiv pokazuje da subjekat ne vri radnju, ve da se radnja vri na subjektu: The road has been repaired. Pasivni oblici se grade tako to se uzme ono vrijeme glagola "to be" koje nam je potrebno i doda se particip proli glagola kojeg menjamo. To znai, da se pasivni prezent gradi od prezenta glagola "to be" i participa prolog glagola koji menjamo. Aktivnu reenicu moemo pretvoriti u pasivnu ako se glagol stavi u trpno stanje, subjekat aktivne reenice postaje objekat pasivne, i ispred njega se stavlja predlog "by": Everybody drinks water.

Water is drunk by everybody. I wrote this letter. This letter was written by me. Trpno stanje se upotrebljava mnogo ee u engleskom jeziku nego u naem, koristi se: My car has been stollen. She was given a nice birthday present.

I have been told that you are engaged. She was said to have left her husband. Mistakes are always made. The "Tower" was written by Mea Selimovi. Roman "Tvrava" je napisana od strane Mee Selimovia The boy was punished by his father. Aleksu je njegova sestra negovala za vreme bolesti Bezlini oblici u naem jeziku kao to su "kae se", "razume se", "podrazumeva se" u engleskom jeziku se iskazuju u treem licu jednine srednjeg roda: Slaganje glagolskih vremena Tabele ispod pokazuju ispravno slaganje vremena u reenicama kod kojih je vreme od vitalnog znaaja.

Vreme u glavnoj reenici Vreme u zavisnoj reenici Da se izrazi istovremena radnja, koristite sadanje prosto vreme. Da se izrazi prola radnja, koristite prosto prolo vreme. Sadanje prosto Simple Present Da se izrazi radnja koja je poela u trenu u prolosti i traje do danas, koristite present perfect. Da izrazite radnju koja e se desiti, koristite prosto budue vreme.

They believe that they have elected the right candidate. Primer I am eager to go to the concert because I love the Wallflowers. I know that I made the right choice. Da izrazite drugu zavrenu radnju, koristite prosto prolo vreme.

Prosto prolo vreme Simple Past Da izrazite radnju koja se desila prije druge radnje koristite past perfect. Da izrazite ope poznatu injenicu koristite sadanje vreme.

She has grown a foot since she turned nine. The crowd had turned nasty before the sheriff returned. Da izrazite istovremenu radnju koristite sadanje vreme. Da izrazite radnju koja se desila ranije, koristite prolo vreme.

Da se izrazi radnja u budunosti koja e se desiti prije radnje u nezavisnoj reenici, koristite prezent perfekt. I will be so happy if they fix my car today. You will surely pass this exam if you studied hard. The college will probably close its doors next summer if enrollments have not increased Most students will have taken sixty credits by the time they graduate. Most students will have taken sixty credits by the time they have graduated. Slaganje vremena sa infinitivima i participima Infinitiv Vreme infinitiva Uloga infinitiva Primer Coach Espinoza is eager to try out her new drills.

Participi Vreme participa Prezent participa Present of Participle, seeing Uloga participa Da se izrazi radnja koja se deava u isto vreme kada i glagol.

Primeri Working on the fundamentals, the team slowly began to improve. Having experimented with several game plans, the coaching staff devised a master strategy.

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Prepared by last year's experience, the coach knows not to expect too much. Sadanje vreme 3. Sadanje prosto vreme - Simple Present Tense Sadanje vreme svih glagola obrazuje se tako da se uz glagolska vremena uvek stavljaju line zamenice. Jedino se tree lice jednine prezenta razlikuje od ostalih lica, jer dobija nastavak "-s" ili "-es", osim glagola: Nastavak "-s" za sadanje vreme izgovara se kao "s" ako dolazi iza bezvunog suglasnika, ili "z" ako dolazi iza zvunog suglasnika ili samoglasnika: Glagoli koji se zavravaju na s, x, z, sh i ch obrazuju tree lice nastavkom jednine nastavkom "-es": Glagoli koji se u infinitivu zavravaju na "-y", kad pred tim "y" stoji suglasnik, menjaju "y" u "i", u treem licu jednine: Odrini oblik sadanjeg vremena pravi se tako to se uzme sadanje vreme pomonog glagola "to do", pa se zatim doda negacija "not" i infinitiv glagola koji se menja, bez predloga "to": I write ja piem - I do not write, I don't write Upitni oblik sadanjeg vremena pravi se tako pravi se tako to se uzme sadanje vreme pomonog glagola "to do" u inverziji i infinitiv glagola koji se mijenja, bez prijedloga "to".

You write ti pie Do you write? Sadanje prosto vreme se upotrebljava: I write ja piem , I work ja radim ; da potvrdi jednu poznatu istinu: I always rise early uvek ustajem rano ; da oznai radnju koja se ponavlja: I have an English lesson three times a week imam as engleskog tri puta sedmino. I am speaking you are speaking he, she, it is speaking we are speaking you are speaking they are speaking.

Present participle se pravi dodavanjem glagolu nastavka "-ing". Meutim, ponekad moramo malo promeniti re, verovatno udvostruiti ili izostaviti jedno slovo. Ako se glagol zavrava na: Present Continuous Tense sadanje trajno vreme se upotrebljava: I am learning English now. Meutim, radnja se ne mora odvijati tano sada, ali se deavala neto ranije i moda e se deavati poslije trenutka kada o njoj govorimo: She is reading a book. Ona moda ne ita knjigu tano sada. The Sun is rising constantly. Sunce izlazi svaki dan You are always complaining about your mother-in-law.

I'm meeting my girlfriend tonight. Lista glagola koji se veinom koriste u "simple" formi: I can see This coat feels nice and warm. Don se osea mnogo bolje sada, njegovo zdravlje se poboljava ; She has three dogs and a cat. I'm seeing Anthony later.

Kada bi smo rekli kada se radnja odvija morali bismo upotrebiti prolo vreme past simple tense. Sloeno sadanje vreme se koristi: This website has been in existence for 5 years, 10 months, and 20 days.

I have been to Novi Sad this week. I have buoght a car. Have you ever been to Serbia? The guests have just entered the hall. Amerikanci ne koriste sloeno sadanje vreme toliko kao Britanci. Amerikanci ee upotrebljavaju prolo vreme umesto sloenog sadanjeg vremena. Amerikanac bi rekao: I haven't called you haven't called he, she, it hasn't called we haven't called you haven't called they haven't called. Have I been playing? Odrini oblik se pravi dodavanjem rei "not": I have not been playing. Kada piemo present continous, esto se upotrebljavaju skraenice: I have been - I've been itd.

Present Perfect Continous Tense koristimo: I obino imamo sada imamo neku posledicu: I'm tired because I've been running. I'm tired because I've running. Has it been raining? You don't understand because you haven't been listening. I've been reading for two hours. Kako je ranije napomenuto uz present perfect continuous esto koristimo "for" i "since". For koristimo kada priamo o razdoblju vremena: Ako to razdoblje see do sadanjeg trenutka upotrebljavamo uz for perfekt, a ako je to razdoblje zavreno moramo upotrebiti past simple preterit.

Tara hasn't been feeling well for two weeks. Tara se nije dobro oseala ve Tara se ne osea dobro ve dve sedmice. Since koristimo kada znamo od koje vremenske take se odvija radnja: I've been studying for three hours. I've been watching TV since 7pm. Tara hasn't been visiting us since March.

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I have not been calling have not been calling he, she, it has not been calling have not been calling you have not been calling they have not been calling have I been calling?

She played basketball last week. Mary did not go to work last Monday. Did he watch TV last night. Glagol did preterit od "do" u svim licima ima isti oblik. I did not go to London. You did not go to London. He did not go to London. Glagol be nema u svim licima isti oblik, upitnu reenicu pravimo zamenom subjekta i glagola. I, he, she, it was here. You were here.

Ako glagol zavrava na suglasnik ispred kojeg stoji kratak naglaen vokal, krajnji samoglasnik se udvostruava: I was in Liverpool last year. We went to school when we were children. It's time they were back. The policeman told me I drove to much. I didn't call you didn't call he, she, it didn't call we didn't call you didn't call they didn't call.

She was reading. We were playing. Odrini oblik se pravi dodavanjem reice not: She was not reading - She wasn't reading. Upitni oblik se pravi inverzijom: Was she playing? Were we playing? Nesvreni preterit se upotrebljava:. Obino pria poinje nesvrenim preteritom, a zatim se nastavlja prolim vremenom, npr: It was raining. The wind was blowing hard. Nobody was walking in the streets.

Suddenly, Bond saw the killer in a telephone box I was having a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang. I was going to spend the day at the beach but I've decided to go on an excursion instead. The children were playing while their mothers were chatting.

I knew that he was talking to her about her daughter. Past Perfect Tense pluperfekt se upotrebljava: We had left home before he came. We arrived at 9. The train had left when we arrived. Mi smo stigli u 9 i Voz je bio otiao kada smo mi stigli. I was not hungry. I had just eaten. I had never seen him before. U ovom primeru past perfect je upotrebljen u indirektnom govoru umesto past simple u direktnom. He got a headache after he had washed his hair.

I wish I had met you before. Past Perfect Continuous upotrebljava se da bi se oznaila radnja koja je trajala u prolosti prije neke druge prole radnje: Ram started waiting at 9am. I arrived at 11am. When I arrived, Ram had been waiting for two hours.

Ram had been waiting for two hours when I arrived. Ja sam stigao u 11 sati. John was very tired. John je bio veoma umoran, trao je cele veeri I could smell cigarettes.

Past Perfect Continous se takoe upotrebljava u indirektnom govoru umesto trajnog oblika prolog vremena past continous tense u direktnom govoru. Peter said: Peter said that some of his friends had been playing cards all night. U prvom licu jednine i mnoine umesto glagola will, moe se koristiti glagol shall, meutim u modernom engleskom will se vie koristi od shall: I shall call - we shall call ja u zvati - mi emo zvati.

I had not been calling you had not been calling he, she, it had not been calling we had not been calling you had not been calling they had not been calling. Prosto budue vreme se upotrebljava da bi oznaila radnja koja e se desiti u budunosti.

Prostobudue vreme se naroito esto upotrebljava posle glagola koji oznaavaju oekivanje, nadu itd. Takoe se koristi da bi se izrazila namera, odluka, pretnja ili obeanje. I hope we will have better luck next day. I expect that he will come tomorrow. I will help her because she is beautiful. I will not call you will not call he, she, it will not call we will not call you will not call they will not call. Trajno budue vreme oznaava radnju koja e trajati izvesno vreme u budunosti. At 4pm tomorrow, I will be working.

Kada koristimo budue trajno vreme, na slualac obino zna ili razume u koje vreme se radnja odvija. I will be playing tennis at 10am tomorrow. I won't be calling you won't be calling he, she, it won't be calling we won't be calling you won't be calling they won't be calling. The train will leave the station at 9am. You will arrive at the station at 9. When you arrive the rain will have left.

Voz dolazi u stanicu u 9 sati. Vi stiete u stanicu u 9 i Voz e otii kada vi stignete. Voz odlazi u 9 sati. Ovo vreme takoer izraava i radnju koja e se desiti i zavriti do odreenog vremena u budunosti: They will have left the Parlament by 12 o'clock.

I will not have called you will not have called he, she, it will not have called we will not have called you will not have called they will not have called. Kada koristimo predbudue trajno vreme obino saimamo contract subjekat i pomoni glagol will: I will - I'll you will - you'll itd.

Kod odrinih reenica saimamo glagol will i reicu not: I will not - I won't you will not - you won't itd. Predbudue trajno vreme izraava radnju koja traje odreeni period vremena do jedne druge budue radnje ili oznake budueg vremena kada ova prva radnja jo traje. Drugim reima izraava radnju koja e trajati do odreenog budueg vremena ili trenutka u budunosti, a ne u nekom odreenom trenutku u budunosti: At 20 o'clock in the evening, I will have been working ten hours.

Znai radnja poinje u 10 sati pre podne, traje deset sati, sve do 20 sati uvee kada jo traje. He will be tired when he arrives. He will have been travelling for 24 hours. Bie umoran kada stigne. Putovae ve 24 sata. Imenice delmo na nekoliko vrsta. One mogu biti: Mary, London, Edinburgh, Bosnia, Dreamweaver itd; zbirne imenice collective nouns , slue za oznaavanje skupa ili mnotva u jednini.

Takoer, imenice delimo i na: Mnoinu grade samo opte imenice. One obino oznaavaju neto to se moe brojati, pa ih zovemo brojnim imenicama: Gradivne i apstraktne imenice, uzete u opem smislu, se ne mogu brojati. One su nebrojive i ne mogu se upotrebljavati u mnoini: Rod imenica - Gender of Nouns Opto pravilo: U engleskom jeziku rod imenica nije gramatiki ve se odreuje prema polu, tj.

Gramatika pdf engleska

Imena mukih bia mukog su roda masculine , imena enskih lica enskog su roda feminine i imena ivih bia gde rod nije izriito podvuen srednjeg su roda neuter.

Kod ivih bia rod razlikujemo na vie naina: Mnoge imenice imaju isti oblik i u enskom i u mukom rodu: Ponekad da bismo oznaili rod ovih imenica dodajemo ove rei: Od opeg pravila postoje sledei izuzeci: Mnoina imenica - Plural of Nouns Opta pravila: Ovo se "s" izgovarakao nae "z" izuzev kada dolazi posle tvrdih suglasnika. Imenice koje se zavavaju na: Imenice na "-o" dobijaju nastavak "-es" ako se "o" nalazi posle suglasnika: Izuzeci od ovog pravila su: Imenice na "o" poslije samoglasnika dobijaju u mnoini samo nastavak "-e": Imenice na "y" poslije suglasnika menjaju "y" u "i" i dobijaju nastavak "-es": Imenice na "f" i "fe" menjaju "f" u "v" i dobijaju u mnoini nastavak "-es": Imenice koje zavavaju na "-oof", "-ief", "-ff" ne menjaju u "f" i dobijaju nastavak "-s": Neke imenice imaju u mnoini nastavak "-en": Neke imenice obrazuju mnoinu promjenom osnovnog samoglasnika: Neke imenice imaju dva oblika u mnoini sa razliitim znaenjem: Latinske imenice na "-us" i "-um" te grke na "-on" i "-is" imaju u mnoini obino svoj latinski odnosno grki nastavak: Sloenice obrazuju mnoinu tako da se nastavak za mnoinu doda glavnoj rei od koje je sloenica sastavljena, tj.

Ako je sloenica sastavljena bez imenica, onda nastavak za mnoiniu dobija poslednja re: Neke sloenice dobijaju obeleje mnoine uz oba dela rei: Ako je potrebno izraziti mnoiniu, onda se upotrebi neka re u mnoini: Neke su imenice po svom obliku u jednini, a imaju znaenje mnoine: Imenica "news" vest i "means" sredstvo imaju oblik mnoini ali su u jednini: Mnoge imenice se upotrebljavaju samo u mnoini: Neke imenice imaju u mnoini drugaije znaenje nego u jednini: Padei imenica - Cases of Nouns U engleskom jeziku mogu se izraziti svih sedam padea kao i u naem jeziku: A teacher had a book.

The book of the teacher was big. We went to the teacher. And we asked the teacher. Teacher, is your book big? After our conversation with the teacher. We know more about the teacher. Some teachers had books. The books of the techers were big. The teacher's books are always big.

Gramatika pdf engleska

We went to the teachers. And we asked the teachers. Teachers, are your books big. After the conversation with the teachers. We know more about the teachers. Prema tome, padei se odreuju prema mestu u reenici prvi i etvrti , pomou predloga drugi pade pomou predloga "of" ili nastavkom kad imamo prisvojni genitiv, trei pade pomou predloga "to", esti pomou predloga "with", sedmi pade pomoi predloga "about".

Peti pade izraava se imenicom bez lana. Drugi pade - Genitive U engleskom jeziku drugi pade se moe izraziti na vie naina: Normanskim genitivom Norman genitive koji se obrazuje pomou prijedloga "of": Saksonskim genitivom Saxon genitive , koji se jo zove "prisvojni genitiv" Possessive case. Ovaj pade se obrazuje tako da se imenici doda nastavak -'s. Saksonski genitiv se obrazuje nastavkom -'s na imenicu koji se izgovara "z" iza zvunih suglasnika i samoglasnika, a "s" iza bezvunih suglasnika.

U jednini se dodaje -'s teacher's book Peter's toy boy's eyes uiteljeva knjiga Peterova igraka deakove oi. Ako se osobna imenica zavrava na -s, onda dodajemo samo apostrof, a nastavak se izgovara kao "z": Burn's works Burnsova dela. Ako se imenica zavrava na -s ili -ce kao i ispred rei "sake", dodaje se samo apostrof: Osobne imenice mogu se zavravati na -s, pa da ipak dobijaju nastavak -'s: James's Square for Doris's sake my boss's sister Sloenice dobijaju nastavak -'s na kraju: Dejmsa radi Doris sestra mog gazde.

Ako se imenica ne zavrava na -s u mnoini, onda ona ima nastavak -'s: Pridevi - Adjectives Pridev je u engleskom jeziku nepromenljiva re, pa se prema tome pridevom ne moe izraziti ni rod, ni broj ni pade. Pridev obino stoji ispred imenice. Pridevi se dijele na: Poreenje prideva - Comparasion Pridevi imaju tri stepena poreenja: Jednakost se izraava pomou rei "as He is as rich as his friend. He is as strong as a horse.

Komparativ, kojim se izraava umanjenost, obrazuje se pomou rei "less He is less rich than his brother. Komparativom se izraava uveanost, i obrazuje se: He is richer than his friend. He is more independent than his brother. Ako je pridjev viesloan, ponavlja se samo prilog "more": Trei stepen, superlativ, moe biti: On se pravi kod: It is most true.

Ako umesto prideva stoji prilog vremena sadanjeg koji ima ulogu prideva, umesto very upotrebljava se much ili very much: I am much obliged to you. Pravopisna pravila pri poreenju Ako se pridev zavrava kratkim samoglasnikom iza kojeg dolazi suglasnik, taj se suglasnik udvostruuje: Ako se pridev zavrava muklim "e", na komparativ i superlativ dodaju se nastavci "-r", odnosno "st": Ako se pridev zavrava sa slovom "y" ispred kojeg se nalazi suglasnik ono se menja u "i": Poreenje prideva pomou nastavka "-er" za komparativ i "-est" za superlativ naziva se germansko poreenje.

Na ovaj nain porede se svi jednosloni predevi - sa izuzetkom sledeih: Germanskim nainom poreenja porede se jo i dvosloni pridevi koji se zavravaju na "-y", "-ow", "-er" ili na slogovno "l", kao i pridev koji imaju naglasak na drugom slogu: Poreenje koje se dobiva dodavanjem rei "more" za komparativ i "the most" za superlativ ispred prideva naziva se romansko poreenje.

Ovim nainom porede se svi viesloni pridevi koji imaju naglasak na prvom slogu, kao i pridjevi koji se zavavaju na "-ed" i "-ing": Takvi su pridevi: Nepravilna komparacija prideva - Irregular comparasion Nepravilno se porede sledei pridevi: Positive good dobar bad lo evil zao ill bolestan much mnogo many mnogo little malen late kasan pnear blizak pold star far daleko Comparative better worse Superlative the best the worst.

Engleska Gramatika Za Svakoga-A5

Komparativ i superlativ sloenih prideva: I never saw a faster sailing ship. I never saw a worse looking man. Predlozi - Prepositions Predlozi u engleskom jeziku imaju posebnu vanost jer padei nemaju svoje nastavke. Predlozi se dele na: Predlozi mogu biti sloeni, tj. Posle predloga uvek sledi "imenica", a nikad glagol. Pod "imenica" mislimo na: Poto posle predloga ne moe ii glagol, a ako to elimo onda moramo koristiti "-ing" oblik koji je ustvari gerund ili glagolska imenica.

English people. Upotreba nekih glavnih predloga: I translated this from English into Serbian to - I get into my office every morning we went to see him I want to tell you the truth at - the family is at dinner she is at the dressmaker's he is standing at the door in - I live in Kragujevac my money is in my pocket I'll be back in a minute into - he came into the room I put the money into my pocket about - what are you talking about? Pored ovih predloga u engleskom jeziku imamo i tzv.

This is not truth in spite of what he has said. Prilozi - Adverbs Prilozi su rei koje poblie oznaavaju glagole, prideve ili druge priloge: John speaks loudly. She never smokes. He is really handsome.

She is less beautifull than her sister. John pria glasno ona nikad ne pui uprkos ispred prema zbog radi pomou pred njegovom kuom se nalazio bazen to nije istina uprkos tome to je on rekao. Meutim, pred ovih funkcija prilozi imaju i druge funkcije, oni mogu: Obviously, I can't know everything. It's immediately inside the door.

Po svom sastavu prilozi se u engleskom jeziku dele na: Prosti prilozi su: Izvedeni prilozi su oni koji se obrazuju od prideva nastavkom "ly": Sloeni prilozi su: Po svom znaenju prilozi se dele na: Prilozi za nain se obino tvore dodavanjem nastavka "-ly" na pridjev.

Prilozi obrazuju prvi i drugi stepen poreenja na sledee naine: Nepravilno se porede sledei prilozi: Inae, u poreenju priloga vae sva ostala pravila koja se primenjuju i na prideve. U engleskom jeziku ima vie prideva koji se upotrebljavaju i kao prilozi: Prilog moe imati tri poloaja u reenici: Now we will study adverbs.

We often study adverbs. We study adverbs carefully. Uzvici - Interjections Uzvici mogu izraavati: I say! Veznici - Conjunctions Prema funkciji u reenici veznici se dele na: Glavni veznici i njihova upotreba: Zamenice - Pronouns U engleskom jeziku zamenice se dele na: Line zamenice - Personal pronouns Prisvojne zamenice - Possessive pronouns Povratne zamenice - Reflexive pronouns Pokazne zamenice - Demonstrative pronouns Upitne zamenice - Interrogative pronouns Relativne zamenice - Relative pronouns Deobne zamenice - Distributive pronouns Neodreene zamenice- Indefinite pronouns.

Line zamenice - Personal Pronouns Line zamenice imaju dva oblika: I ja , you ti , he- she- it on-ona-ono u jednini, we mi , you vi i they oni-one-ona u mnoini; b u etvrtom padeu: Drugi pade kod linih imenica pravi se pomou predloga "of", trei pomou "to" i esti pomou with s oblikom etvrtog padea: Posle glagola: I gave him the book.

I gave the book to him. Kod glagola "to say" rei predlog "to" se mora pisati, bilo da stoji ispred ili iza objekta: I said nothing to him. I said to him nothing. Who is there? Who is speaking? He is taller than me.

It is a cold day, isn't it? It was not difficult to understand him. It is only my brother who is here in time.

Zamenice "we" i "they" se esto upotrebljavaju kao neodreene zamenice i imaju znaenje neodreene zamenice "one". U tom sluaju prevode se sa ljudi uope. Kad upotrebimo zamenicu "we", ukljuujemo lice koje govori, a kad upotrebimo zamenicu "they", onda ne ukljuujemo: We are not going to ask you to go. They say that the accident was inevitable. U obinom govoru se u ovakvim sluajevima moe upotrijebiti i zamenica "you": You are not supposed to know everything. Prisvojne zamenice su: Prisvojne zamenice slue za odgovor na pitanje iji, ija, ije: Whose hat is this?

It is mine. Prisvojne zamenice upotrebljavaju se takoer u naroitim izrazima koji prave dvostruki pade: Kad se zamenica eli naglasiti, moe se umesto prisvojne zamjenice "mine", upotrijebiti "my own": This book is my own.

Dok se prisvojni pridevi upotrebljavaju samo uz imenice, prisvojne zamjenice upotrebljavaju se samostalno: Povratne zamjenice - Reflexive Pronouns Povratne zamenice su: I did it by myself izrazu: Zamenice za isticanje emphasizing pronouns imaju isti oblik kao i povratne zamjenice i upotrebljavaju se da se u reenici istakne predmet ili objekt: He himself did this heroic deed.

Pokazne zamjenice - Demonstrative pronouns Pokazne zamenice su: Pokazne zamjenice this i that mogu biti samostalne samo u apstraktnom znaenju: This is not true. Such i the same imaju isti oblik u mnoini: Such is my opinion, such are his words. Zamjenica "the same" moe se pojaati sa "the very same" ba taj isti. Upitne zamenice - Interrogative Pronouns Upitne zamenice su: Promena zamenice "who": Promena zamenice "what": Promena zamenice "which": Ako se iza "which" i "what" nalazi imenica, onda su to pridevi which - koji; what - kakav: Upitne se zamenice mogu kombinovati sa "ever" ili "soever" radi isticanja: Ako su "who" i "what" predmeti u reenici, onda glagol nije u upitnom obliku: Relativne zamenice - Relative pronouns Relativne zamenice su: Peter lost the watch his wife had given him Peter je izgubio sat koji mu je poklonila supruga.

Relativna zamenica "as" upotrebljava se za lica, ivotinje i stvari, i dolazi posle "same" i "such": Relativne zamenice se mogu pojaati reima "ever" ili "soever": Deobne zamenice - Distributive Pronouns Deobne zamenice su: Each se odnosi na lica, ivotinje i stvari. Znai svaki od dvojice ili vie njih uzeti posebno. Glagol je uvek u jednini: Umesto "each other" moe se upotrebiti "one another": Neodreene zamenice - Indefinite Pronouns Samostalno i pridevski upotrebljavaju se sledee neodreene zamenice: Samo samostalno se upotrebljavaju: Neodreena zamenica "all" upotrebljava se: Glagol stoji u jednini ili mnoini: Mogu se upotrebiti u jednini ili mnoini.

I am short of money but I think I can spare some neto odvojiti ; nemam novaca ali mislim da mogu. Glagol je uvijek u mnoini: Upotrebljava se samo u jednini kolektivno: Glagol je samo u mnoini: Sve to je reeno za "much" i "many" vai za njihove komparative i superlative more i most. Znai neko neodreeno lice: I suggested to go, others said I should stay predloio sam da odem, drugi su rekli da ostanem. Red riei - Word order Imenice u engleskom jeziku nemaju nastavaka za padee osim za genitiv , zato se njihovo znaenje esto odreuje mestom na kojem stoje u reenici.

Engleski jezik je veoma precizan u redu, odnosno rasporedu rei u reenici, jer od toga zavisi jasnoa i tanost izraavanja misli. Skraenice na internetu Internet korisnici stvaraju potpuno nov nain pisanja engleskog jezika. U e-mailovima, na forumima i chatovima zbog breg pisanja nastaje sve vie udnih ali interesantnih skraenica.

Britansko i ameriko pisanje - British and American writing Glavne razlike u britanskom i amerikom pisanju engleskog navedeni su u sljedeoj tabeli. Neke rei zavravaju u britanskom na -tre, a -ter u amerikom, npr: Pisanje velikih slova - Writing of capital letters U engleskom jeziku koristimo velika slova da bi istaknuli vane rei. Velika slova su deo gramatike koji uvek sledi svoja pravila, ne postoji lista izuzetaka koju treba zapamtiti, to olakava uenje ovog jezika.

Sve to trebate je: Veoma je bitno ispravno pisati ako elite da italac ima visoko miljenje o vama. We saw the accident from the distance. The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog. I like horror films. Mary and I went to the beach together.

Pored ovih sluajeva, velikim slovom piemo: Peter Susan Bosnia Jupiter 4 titule: The president said: Znaci interpunkcije - Punctuation the full stop, period. Taka - The full stop or period - Taku stavljamo na kraj reenice: She is sleeping.

I was in England. Ova pravila o skraenicama ne potuju svi, i ponekad predstavlja pitanje stila. Meutim, preporuuje se da budete dosledni, ako odluite pisati taku poslije Ltd. Zarez - The comma Zarez se koristi da pri izdvajanju pojedinih rei, fraza i klauza u reenici. Zarez prije zadnje rei se ne mora pisati.

John played handball, hockey, and football in high school. The sunny, cool day was perfect for lying in the dark green grass.

Primjetite, da izmeu "dark" i "green" nema zareza, jer ovi pridevi ne mogu zameniti mesta. Trava nije "zelena" i "tamna", ona je "tamno zelena".

Yours truly, Yours sincerly, Best wishes itd. Dear Jane, message message message Best wishes, Jack Brown 4 Zarez razdvaja pitanje question tag od ostatka reenice: You locked the car, didn't you? Ron wore cowboy boots, and Jeff wore tennis shoes.

When the meeting was over, the refreshment committee served coffee and cake before everyone went home. On my way to school, I met three of my classmates coming out of the subway. Dvotaka - The colon Dvotaka se koristi: They must have: The question is: He opened the meeting with the words: His motives are clear: King Midas cared for only one thing: Principles of Mathematics: An Introduction Reference: Luke 3: Taka-zarez - The semicolon Taku-zarez koristimo: People are usually willing to give advice; they are much less inclined to take it.

Today people can buy what they want from supermarkets, department stores, and discount stores; but in Colonial days, when such conveniences did not exist, people depended on general stores and peddlers.

The newly elected officers of the group are Thomas Mann, president; Emily Dickinson, vice-president; James Joyce, secretary; and Leo Tolstoy, treasurer. Upitnik - The question mark Upitnik stavljamo na kraju direktnog pitanja. Where are you? Who wrote that book? He shouldn't have quit his diet, should he?

Pazite da ne stavite upitnik na kraju indirektnog pitanja. The instructor asked the students what they were doing. Lista najeih imenica koji imaju nepravilne oblike u mnoini Singular abyss alumnus analysis aquarium arch atlas axe baby bacterium batch beach brush bus calf chateau cherry child church circus city cod copy crisis curriculum deer dictionary domino dwarf echo elf emphasis family fax fish flush fly foot fungus half hero hippopotamus hoax hoof index iris kiss knife lady leaf life loaf man mango memorandum mess moose Plural abysses alumni analyses aquaria arches atlases axes babies bacteria batches beaches brushes buses calves chateaux cherries children churches circuses cities cod copies crises curricula deer dictionaries dominoes dwarves echoes elves emphases families faxes fish flushes flies feet fungi halves heroes hippopotami hoaxes hooves indexes irises kisses knives ladies leaves lives loaves men mangoes memoranda messes moose.

Izgovor Pronunciation kopirano iz pdf e-knjige Uei strani jezik, uenik je sklon da svaki pojedini glas izgovara veoma jasno. U engleskom jeziku, meutim, to ne treba da radite. Naglaeni, bold-irani, slog engleskih rei izgovara se s posebnom snagom, na tetu nenaglaenih slogova koji gube svoju punu vrednost, pa se njihov samoglasnik najee pretvara u poluglas. Uzmimo rei tailor kroja i sister sestra. Zvrni glas im je isti, uprkos razliitom pisanju. U duim reima ova razlika dolazi jo vie do izraaja.

Tako se ate prolo vreme od glagola jesti izgovara eit, ali u vieslonim reima isti takav zavretak svodi se na t: Veina engleskih rei, sa dva ili vie slogova, ima jedan naglaen slog, a ostali slogovi su nenaglaeni. Meutim, ima vieslonih rei koje imaju dva naglaska, jedan jai i jedan neto slabiji. Ne postoje sigurna pravila po kojima bismo mogli odrediti koji je slog u nekoj rei naglaen. Od pravila o naglasku ima izuzetaka. Sve jednoslone rei izgovorene pojedinano naglaene su, te se u fonetskoj transkripciji Meunarodno drutvo za fonetiku znak za naglasak ne stavlja.

U reenici, mnoge od jednoslonih rei mogu biti nenaglaene, naroito ako su predlozi ili veznici. U dvoslonim i troslonim reima naglasak je obino na prvom slogu, ali i tu ima mnogo izuzetaka: Izgovor engleskog jezika razliit je u raznim krajevima u kojima ljudi govore engleski kao maternji jezik Velika Britanija, SAD, Australija, Novi Zeland, zemlje u kojima ive engleski kolonisti. Engleski razliito izgovaraju i razni drutveni slojevi. Meutim, svi oni stavljaju naglasak na isti slog, bili oni iz Londona ili Glazgova, Njujorka ili Melburna, bili oni berai pamuka u Kaliforniji ili profesori univerziteta na Oksfordu ili Kembridu.

Stoga je za savlaivanje engleskog jezika vanije da upamtite koji je slog naglaen vidi Words Pronunciation nego da savreno izgovarate pojedine glasove.

Zato, obratite panju pri itanju tekstova i sluanju izgovora spikera u ovoj elektronskoj knjizi, u kojoj su naglaeni slogovi naznaeni masnim bold-iranim slovima.

Samoglasnici Vowels U engleskom jeziku samoglasnika ima znatno vie i njihov izgovor je drukiji nego u srpskom. Ubrzo ete videti da svako od slova: To ne treba da vas plai. Postepeno ete se u tome snai, ne koristei fonetske znake, sluajui paljivo izgovor vaih spikera. Dvoglasnici Diphthongs Pored samoglasnika, u engleskom jeziku postoje i dvoglasnici. Dvoglasnik je u stvari niz samoglasnika izgovorenih u jednom dahu. Oni se slivaju ujedno i nae uho razlikuje samo prvi i poslednji samoglasnik.

She was worried bout the fight. She was crying. Dempsey went up to Terry. Maggie came into the hall with her date. They took Terry to the back room of the club. Maggie walked up to Dempsey. All the girls wanted to dance with Terry and the boys suddenly became interested in Maggie. One Saturday after work. A knife fell to the floor. Then she started to look for Terry. I knew that before. Most of the boys thought Maggie was plain.

Dempsey was the leader of the sports club and the best boxer. I was tired of coming on my own and Tony was really nice. She saw Dempsey and Terry facing each other. Dempsey nodded to two men standing nearby. You bet I will! They threw Terry out of the club because… a Terry was not his real name.

And how about next Saturday night? Will you come to the dance with me? Girls liked Terry because he was… a a brilliant dancer. Arthur ………………………………. On the way back to the king. He remembered receiving his magic sword.

King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table fought many battles. The armies started fighting early in the morning and the battle lasted all day. After the battle of Camlan. Arthur knew the lake well.

Sir Bedivere took the wounded king to the island of Avalon. He remembered to mark the place and then went back to the king. The knight stood on the shore of the lake and looked at Excalibur. The king smiled. Again the king asked him: Excalibur ………………………………… Bedivere ………………………………. Mordred was dead and the King was badly wounded. The island was in the middle of a lake. His name was Arthur and he was the king of the Britons.. He decided to keep it. He picked up the sword and started to throw it.

When they finished fighting. The king stopped smiling.. Mordred ………………………………. It was such a beautiful sword. Sir Bedivere promised to do it. He hid the sword again and went back to the king. Every Maori belongs to a large family group and each group has its own community centre with various buildings. After that. The Maoris came from Polynesia and colonised the uninhabited islands of New Zealand over a thousand years ago. On the roof. In the evening. They were used in the past when one tribe met another to find out if the other tribe was peaceful or was looking for a fight!

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At these events. For example. The main building is the meeting house and is decorated in traditional Maori style. Hakas can look and sound aggressive. All the men wear Macrae kilts and carry banners while the Macrae band plays bagpipe music. People of European origin can only visit them with permission. There are now Community centres are the focus of Maori culture and older Maoris pass on Maori traditions to young people here: The next day they attend the local highland games.

Maori war dances. Macdonald or Campbell.

Pdf engleska gramatika

Clans began in the Scottish Highlands in the Middle Ages when people accepted the protection and authority of their local chief.

Gathering stones are very large rocks………………………. The Macraes are proud of their history………………………. Clan gatherings can be noisy occasions………………….

Waris had such a warm and attractive face that her modelling career was a huge success. I had my simple life. One day. After they married. When the ambassador returned to Somalia. She looked like a perfect model so he immediately offered her work. I had nothing to worry about. The Living Daylights. I had my family. She was even in a James Bond film. Life was hard but Waris had a happy childhood.

Her mother was quite well-off but her father was from a poor family. She lived by herself. I had my animals. Desert Flower. Waris was on her own and out of work in a foreign country. There is never a dull moment. By chance. Where was she born? Why did she leave her country? What was her childhood like? Find the opposites of the given adjectives in the box and write them on the lines provided. Write adjectives from the nouns provided nouns adjectives importance important 1 luck 2 fame 3 danger 4 happiness It's great.

Complete the sentences with the correct words from the box washing machine shampoo freezer vacuum cleaner dishwasher I can't wash my hair. Make opposite adjectives using un-. Underline the correct verb 1 I waved to my friend. We're going on holiday tomorrow. There's nothing to watch on TV. I want to send an e-mail. Replace the underlined expressions with the words from the box daydreaming bound look mate stammered He's definitely going to tell Peter.

He's bound to tell Peter. Complete the lines with words from the box school bank airport farm shop you can buy things here. Read and underline the correct words Don't go there. Match the verbs to the nouns and phrases make a game 1 organize a party 2 play newspapers 3 send out tea 4 deliver invitations Match the verbs to the nouns and phrases 1. A record producer. Complete the sentences with the correct words from the box traditional imagine rebuild unforgettable degrees 1.

Complete the text with the correct words from the box form voice years applied music My name's Walker McKinley. Ted Riley.

I've always wanted to be a professional singer. Complete the text with: Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Use Present Simple. Present Continuous or Present Perfect. Use Past Simple or Past Continuous. One day last April. Choose and circle the correct verbs. Use the verbs in brackets to complete the sentences with correct forms of the Past Perfect.

Circle the correct forms of the verbs. Correct the underlined mistakes. Will or Going to? Complete the dialogue with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Write only the part that needs to be corrected. Use the verbs in brackets to complete the sentences with correct forms of the Past Simpleor the Past Continuous.

Complete the text with correct forms of the verbs in Past Simple or Past Continuous. Complete the sentences with for or since. Read and circle the correct answers 1.

Gramatika pdf engleska

Use the verbs in brackets to complete the sentences with correct forms of the Present Perfect. Use Past Simple or Present Perfect. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets to make third conditional. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense to make second conditional.

Complete the sentences with have or has. You need to circle two words in each sentence. Present Simple Passive Every year our school does a play.

Complete the reported statements and questions. Choose the correct words to make reported orders. Complete the reported sentences. Rewrite the sentences in the passive. Omit the words in brackets. Start with the underlined words. Choose and circle the correct modal verb.